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26th June 2018- The Hindu Editorial Complete Analysis | Free PDF Download

Reduce, segregate

 We need substitutes for plastic, incentives to re-use, and better waste disposal

Maharashtra’s ban on several consumer articles made of plastic, introduced after a three
month notice period to industry and users, is an extreme measure.

 India hosted – World Environment Day and PM Narendra Modi made a high-profile
pledge, to international acclaim, that it would do away with all single-use plastics by 2022.

This goal is not yet backed by an action plan -So that State governments and local bodies
can be in sync.

 Worldwide, the problem has got out of hand, with only 9% of about nine billion tonnes
of plastic produced getting recycled.

 India has an uninspiring record

 Being dumped in the oceans

Segregate it at source

 Companies covered by extended producer responsibility provisions must be required
to take back their waste.

 In parallel, incentives to reduce the use of plastic carry bags, single-use cups, plates
and cutlery must be in place.

 Retailers must be required to switch to paper bags.

 Carry bag production using cloth can Create more jobs than machines using plastic pellets.

 What needs – plastics became popular because they are inexpensive, can be easily
produced and offer great convenience.

 Consumers will be ready to make the switch, but they need good alternatives

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An unequal platter

 It is time the government finds a sustainable solution to the malnutrition crisis(कु पोषण संकट)

Maharashtra, one of India’s richest States, is a classic case of a lack of development which
is seen in its unacceptably high level of malnutrition among children in the tribal belts.

 While the State’s per capita income has doubled since 2004 (economic growth), its
nutritional status has not made commensurate progress.

National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2015–2016 and 2005- 06, shows this: though stunting
has declined from 46.3% to 34.4%, wasting rates have increased from 16.5% to 25.6%.

 Stunting, or short height for age, and wasting, or low weight for height

the underweight rate (36%) has remained static in the last 10 years.

 Worse than in some of the world’s poorest countries Bangladesh (33%), Afghanistan (25%)
or Mozambique (15%).

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 According to NFHS 2015-16, every second tribal child suffers from growth restricting
malnutrition due to chronic hunger.

2005, child malnutrition claimed as many as 718 lives in Maharashtra’s Palghar district alone.

 National Human Rights Commission issued notice to the Maharashtra government over reports of 600 children due to malnutrition in Palghar.

 Government responded, promising to properly implement schemes such as Jaccha Baccha
and Integrated Child Development Services to check malnutrition.

 Our independent survey conducted- challenges what Maharashtra’s Women and Child
Development Minister Pankaja Munde said in the Legislative Council in March
that “malnutrition in Palghar had come down in the past few months,

 In most households it was rice and dal which was cooked most often and eaten thrice a day

 There was no milk, milk product or fruit in their daily diets- Even the adults drank black tea
as milk was unaffordable.

Only 17% of the children achieved a minimum level of diet diversity

 Such acute food insecurity in tribal households is due to a loss of their traditional dependence on forest livelihood and the State’s deepening agrarian crisis

 For example, 20% of tribal families did not receive rations (public distribution system)
in Vikramgad (in Palghar) as they did not have a card.

 Analysis of the State’s Budget shows that the nutrition expenditure as a percentage of State
Budget has drastically declined from 1.68% in 2012-13 to 0.94% in 2018-19,

 Government’s falling commitment to nutrition.

 It is time the government looks at the root cause of issue and finds a sustainable solution for
tackling malnutrition.

 This is possible only when state focusses on inclusive development by creating employment
opportunities for the marginalised which would improve their purchasing power and
, in turn, reduce malnutrition

Uniquely placed

 The Finance Commission must heed(सावधान रहना) the Northeast’s challenges

 The 15th Finance Commission (FC) is in the process of figuring out a fair formula for the
distribution of net tax proceeds between the Union and the States

 14th FC had adopted a formula-based tax devolution approach States was enhanced
to 42% from 32%, which gave the States considerable flexibility

 No State specific grants were recommended The assumption was that a higher level of
devolution would offset other requirement

 14th FC accorded 27.5% weight to the population (of which 17.5% was of the 1971 population), 15% to area 7.5% to forest cover and 50% to income distance

 The Northeast represents a distinct entity for developmental planning and has a special
category status.

 Low levels of human development indices,

 A low resource base,

Poor connectivity

 Infrastructure pose a different challenge

 Which must be taken into account in the devolution formula.

 Many centrally sponsored schemes are discontinued midway, and the burden of
employee salaries falls on the States.

 Maintenance of assets, such as rural roads under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
, require huge expenditure, especially in hilly States.

 Comparing apples with apples- The 13th FC acknowledged the different position of the
Northeast while arriving at the formula for devolution.

 Allocating 10% for forest cover would encourage States to preserve the forests

 The Terms of Reference of the 15th FC also mention performance based incentives
based on improvements in GST collection, Direct Benefit Transfer rollout, etc.

 This would definitely infuse a spirit of competition.

 However, the performance of the Northeastern States must be benchmarked with other Northeastern States so that apples are not compared with oranges.

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Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

 Page-1- FinMin nod for Delhi Metro Phase IV

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 Season of boat races to begin on June 28

 Kerala will witness many competitions in various districts in the coming months

 Traditional boat race (‘Vallam Kali’)

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 Centre cannot guarantee power supply to all villages, says official

 State-level distribution companies should ensure power availability; Centre can only connect
villages and households to grid, says senior Power Ministry bureaucrat

 Maldives leader seeks India’s help

 Says it should ensure free and fair election as prominent figures of country are in jail or exile

 Ageing Chinese village takes up yoga

Last Day- Q’s- Answers…

 New member of OPEC- Republic of Congo

 National Food Security Act :- 2013(also known as, Right to Food Act)

 NITI Aayog- Chairman:- PM Narendra Modi

 Voice Chairman- Rajiv Kumar

 CEO- Amitabh Kant

 Formed – 1st Jan, 2015

 World’s top most metro cities – Biejing -London -Shanghai -New York -Delhi

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