Battle Between Ibrahim Lodi And Rana Sanga | Indian History | Free PDF Download

banner new

The Lodi dynasty was an Afghan dynasty that ruled the Delhi Sultanate from 1451 to 1526. It was the last dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, and was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi when he replaced the Sayyid dynasty.Bahlul Khan Lodi (1451–1489) was the nephew and son-in-law of Malik Sultan Shah Lodi, the governor of Sirhind in (Punjab), India.

  • Sikandar Lodi (1489–1517) (born Nizam Khan), the second son of Bahlul, succeeded him after his death on 17 July 1489 and took up the title Sikandar Shah.
  • Ibrahim Lodi (1517–1526), the youngest son of Sikandar, was the last Lodi Sultan of Delhi. He had the qualities of an excellent warrior, but he was rash and impolitic in his decisions and actions.


    • Maharana Sangram Singh (12 April 1482 – 30 January 1528) commonly known as Rana Sanga, was an Indian ruler of Mewar and head of a powerful Hindu Rajput confederacy in Rajputana during the 16th century. He was of the Sisodiya clan of Rajput. Rana ruled between 1508 and 1528.

banner new

  • Rana Sanga succeeded his father, Rana Raimal, as king of Mewar in 1508. He fought against the Afghan Lodhi dynasty of Delhi Sultanate, and later against the Mughals.


  • Rana Sanga extended his kingdom to western Utter Pradesh and threatened to attack sultan. Soon Sultan Ibrahim Lodi ascended the throne, he was engaged in putting down the revolts of his nobles.
  • When the news of Rana Sanga’s threats reached him, he prepared an army and marched against Mewar. The Rana Sanga advanced to fight him.
  • Rajput army and Sultanate army met near the village of Khatoli. A fierce battle was fought for 5 hours. The army of Sultanate could not stand the destructive attack of the Rajputs and it gave way and fled, followed by the Sultan himself. In this battle, the Rana Sanga lost an arm by a sword cut, and an arrow made him lame for life.


  • Lodi prince was head prisoner by Rana Sanga. Later the prince was released on payment of a ransom. The resources of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi were severely damaged by this battle with Rajputs.
  • Later Sultan recovered and made his preparations to attack Mewar and take revenge on Rana Sanga. Sultan appeared again 1519 and Battle of Dholpur.


  • When the Sultan’s army reached the Maharana’s territory the Maharana advanced with his Rajputs. As the two armies came in sight of each other near Dholpur, Mian Makhan made dispositions for the battle.
  • Said Khan Furat and Haji Khan were placed on the right, Daulat Khan commanded the center, Allahdad khan and Yusuf Khan were placed on the left. The Sultans army was fully prepared to give the Maharana a warm reception.
  • The Rajputs started the battle with a cavalry charge which was personally led by Rana Sanga, his cavalry with their accustomed valour, advanced and fell on the Sultans army, and in a short time put the enemy to flight.


  • By this victory all that part of Malwa which had been usurped by Muhammad Shah (Sahib Khan), younger brother of Sultan Mahmud Khilji II of Mandu now fell into the hands of the Maharana.
  • Chanderi was one of the many places which fell into the hands of the Maharana, who bestowed it on Medini Rai.
  • In 1960, he suffered a heart attack. He was treated by top doctors in India, including his friend Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy, the then Chief Minister of West Bengal.
  • His health started deteriorating and he died on 7 March 1961 at the age of 74, from a cerebral stroke. At that time he was still in office as the Home Minister of India.

Indian History | Free PDF

banner new