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China Building ‘Dual Use’ Villages In Eastern Sector – Free PDF Download

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Aviation brigade

  • In an expansion of its aviation wing in the region, the Army has come out with an independent aviation brigade in the region this year to bolster its overall operational preparedness in the sensitive region.
  • Though the Heron drones were first deployed in the region around four-five years back, now the integration of surveillance has been significantly enhanced under the ‘sensor to shooter’ concept,
  • To employ military forces at short notice for any possible operational objectives.
  • India, in turn, is ensuring full operational preparedness to take care of any contingency along the frontier.
  • Working to mitigate threat to Chicken’s Neck.
  • The government is also examining whether the existing border pacts with China, including the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) of 2013, should be reviewed in wake of the continuing 17-month-long military confrontation in eastern Ladakh.

Integrated joint operations

  • Many PLA reserve formations, which were mobilised last year, continue to remain in place in “depth areas” across the 1,346-km border that Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim share with
  • The Tibet Autonomous Region in the eastern sector.
  • “There has also been an increase in the scale and duration of PLA exercises, with a focus on integrated joint operations, this year. But these exercises are taking place in their traditional training areas in the depth,” said Lt-Gen Pande.

  • On the Line of Actual Control, there has been “a marginal increase” in Chinese patrols and the number of border defence troops in several areas like Asaphila due to infrastructure development.
  • “But we have adequate force-levels in every sector. In the eastern command, we are ensuring that our preparedness, our ability to react to any contingency remains very high.
  • We are also maximising the use of technology for ISR (intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance),” he said.

Siliguri corridor

  • The Siliguri Corridor, the narrow strip of land that connects the northeast with the rest of India, however remains a major concern.
  • The 73-day face-off at Doklam near the Sikkim-Bhutan-Tibet tri-junction in 2017 began after Indian troops blocked Chinese attempts to extend a motorable track towards the Jampheri Ridge, which overlooks the Siliguri Corridor.

  • The fallout has been that the PLA has constructed military infrastructure and permanently deployed troops in north Doklam.
  • With China keen on controlling Doklam, it last week also inked an MoU with Bhutan for expediting their bilateral boundary negotiations.

  • India has significantly cranked up its day and night surveillance at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in the Arunachal Pradesh sector,
  • Using a fleet of remotely piloted aircraft and other assets as part of a broad strategy to strengthen overall military preparedness to deal with any Chinese misadventure.
  • A sizeable fleet of Israeli-made Heron medium-altitude long-endurance drones is carrying out round-the-clock surveillance over the LAC in the mountainous terrain and sending crucial data and images to command and control centres.
  • Along with the drones, the Indian Army’s aviation wing has also been deploying the Weapon System Integrated (WSI) variant of the Advanced Light Helicopter Rudra in the region, adding more teeth to its tactical missions in the region.

Aviation brigade

  • In an expansion of its aviation wing in the region, the Army has come out with an independent aviation brigade in the region this year to bolster its overall operational preparedness in the sensitive region.
  • Though the Heron drones were first deployed in the region around four-five years back, now the integration of surveillance has been significantly enhanced under the ‘sensor to shooter’ concept,
  • To employ military forces at short notice for any possible operational objectives.

Q) Which among the following states were initially given status of autonomous states and subsequently made full fledged states?

  1. Meghalaya
  2. Nagaland
  3. Assam
  4. All of the above

 

 

 

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