69th amendments feature image

Constitutional Amendments 68th & 69th explained – Indian Polity – Free PDF Download

68th & 69th Amendment 1991


  • Under clause (4) of article 356 of the Constitution, no Proclamation issued under that article and approved by both the Houses of Parliament shall remain in force for more than three years.
  • However, under clause (5) of the said article, a resolution approving the continuance in force of a Proclamation issued under clause (1) of that article beyond a period of one year cannot be passed by either House of Parliament unless the two conditions relating to a Proclamation of Emergency being in operation in the whole or any part of the State and the certificate by the Election Commission that the continuation of the Proclamation issued under clause (1) is necessary on account of difficulties in holding general elections to the Legislative Assembly of the State as specified in that clause are met.
  • The three year period in the case of Proclamation issued on 11th May, 1987 with respect to the State of Punjab was extended to three years and six months by the Constitution (Sixty-fourth Amendment) Act, 1990 and clause (5) of article 356 was also suitably amended by that Act in the expectation that it would be possible to hold elections to the Legislative Assembly of that State.
  • In October, 1990 it was felt that it was not conducive to hold free and fair elections to the Punjab State Legislative Assembly.
  • Therefore, clause (4) of article 356 was again amended by THE CONSTITUTION (Sixty-seventh Amendment) Act, 1990 to enable extension of President’s Proclamation issued on 11th May, 1987 for a total period of four years.
  • Despite pressure from the security forces, the terrorist violence has been continuing in Punjab.
  • Therefore, the prevailing circumstances still do not hold out prospects for fair, free and peaceful elections to the Legislative Assembly of Punjab.
  • Clause(4) of article 356 of the Constitution is, therefore, proposed to be amended so as to facilitate the extension of the said Proclamation up to a total period of five years in relation to the State of Punjab.

69th Amendments

  • The question of re-organisation of the Administrative set-up in the Union territory of Delhi has been under the consideration of the Government for some time.
  • The Government of India appointed on
    24-12-1987 a Committee to go into the various issues connected with the administration of Delhi and to recommend measures inter alia for the streamlining of the administrative set-up.
  • The Committee went into the matter in great detail and considered the issues after holding discussions with various individuals,
  • associations, political parties and other experts and taking into account the arrangements in the national Capitals of other countries with a federal set-up and also the debates in the Constituent Assembly as also the reports by earlier Committees and Commissions.
  • After such detailed inquiry and examination, it recommended that Delhi should continue to be a Union territory and provided with a Legislative Assembly and a Council of
    Ministers responsible to such Assembly with appropriate powers to deal with matters of concern to the common man.
  • The Committee also recommended that with a view to ensure stability and permanence the arrangements should be incorporated in the Constitution to give the National Capital a special status among the Union territories.

Constitutional Amendment Series Download Free PDF