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Daily Quiz for UPSC Prelims Exam 2023 | 3rd August, 2022 – UPSC 2023 – Free PDF

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding Monkeypox:

  1. The anti-smallpox vaccine was shown to be 85% effective in preventing Monkeypox.
  2. It is a viral zoonotic disease (transmission from animals to humans).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) मंकीपॉक्स के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. चेचक के टीके को मंकीपॉक्स को रोकने में 85% प्रभावी दिखाया गया था।
  2. यह एक वायरल जूनोटिक रोग है (जानवरों से मनुष्यों में संचरण)

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

  • It is a viral zoonotic disease (transmission from animals to humans) and is identified as a pox-like disease among monkeys hence it is named Monkeypox. It is endemic to Nigeria.
  • It is caused by monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus genus in the family Poxviridae.

Outbreaks:

    • It was first reported in 1958, in monkeys in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and in humans in 1970, also in the DRC.
    • In 2017, Nigeria experienced the largest documented outbreak, 40 years after the last confirmed case.
    • Subsequently, the disease has been reported in many West and Central African countries.
  • Primary infection is through direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids, or cutaneous or mucosal lesions of an infected animal. Eating inadequately cooked meat of infected animals is also a risk factor.
  • Human-to-human transmission can result from close contact with infected respiratory tract secretions, skin lesions of an infected person or objects recently contaminated by patient fluids or lesion materials.
  • There is no specific treatment or vaccine available for Monkeypox infection. In the past, the anti-smallpox vaccine was shown to be 85% effective in preventing Monkeypox.

Q.) Negev desert situated in which country?

  1. Israel
  2. Russia
  3. Namibia
  4. Syria

Q.) नेगेव मरुस्थल किस देश में स्थित है?

  1. इजराइल
  2. रूस
  3. नामिबिया
  4. सीरिया

Q.) Consider the following statement

  1. The office of leader of the house is not mentioned in the Constitution but in the Rules of the House.
  2. The office of leader of the opposition is not mentioned in the Constitution but in the Parliamentary Statute.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें

  1. सदन के नेता के पद का उल्लेख संविधान में नहीं बल्कि सदन के नियमों में है।
  2. विपक्ष के नेता के पद का उल्लेख संविधान में नहीं बल्कि संसदीय संविधि में है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

  • Leader of the House: Under the Rules of Lok Sabha, the ‘Leader of the House’ means the Prime Minister (or another minister who is a member of Lok Sabha and is nominated by the PM to function as the Leader of the House).
    • There is also a ‘Leader of the House’ in the Rajya Sabha who is a minister and a member of the Rajya Sabha and is nominated by the PM to function as such.
    • S/He exercises direct influence on the conduct of business.
    • The office of leader of the house is not mentioned in the Constitution but in the Rules of the House.
  • Leader of the Opposition: The leader of the largest Opposition party having not less than one-tenth seats of the total strength of the House is recognised as the leader of the Opposition in a House.
    • S/He provides constructive criticism of the government policies and to provide an alternative government.
    • The leader of Opposition in both the Houses were accorded statutory recognition in 1977 and are entitled to the salary, allowances and other facilities equivalent to that of a cabinet minister.
    • The office of leader of the opposition is not mentioned in the Constitution but in the Parliamentary Statute.

Q.) Consider the following statements regarding Schedule Eight:

  1. Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali were included by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992.
  2. Initially 16 languages included in the Schedule Eight.
  3. Sindhi language was added by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967.

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) अनुसूची आठ के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. कोंकणी, मणिपुरी और नेपाली को 1992 के 71वें संशोधन अधिनियम द्वारा शामिल किया गया था।
  2. प्रारंभ में अनुसूची आठ में 16 भाषाओं को शामिल किया गया।
  3. सिंधी भाषा को 1967 के 21वें संशोधन अधिनियम द्वारा जोड़ा गया था।

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3

Answer – C

  • The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution consists of the following 22 languages:
    • Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi,Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Bodo, Santhali, Maithili and Dogri.
  • Of these languages, 14 were initially included in the Constitution.
  • Sindhi language was added by the 21st Amendment Act of 1967.
  • Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali were included by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992.
  • Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003 which came into force in 2004.

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding IMF:

  1. The IMF, also known as the Fund, was conceived at a UN conference in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, in July 1991.
  2. India is a founder member of the IMF.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) आईएमएफ के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. आईएमएफ, जिसे फंड के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, की कल्पना जुलाई 1991 में ब्रेटन वुड्स, न्यू हैम्पशायर, संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में संयुक्त राष्ट्र के एक सम्मेलन में की गई थी।
  2. भारत आईएमएफ का संस्थापक सदस्य है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2
  • International Monetary Fund
  •  It is an international financial institution,
  •  It is headquartered in Washington, D.C.
  •  It was formed in 1944, started in 27 December 1945 as a part of the Bretton Woods Conference.
  • Following Reports are released by IMF:
  • ✔ World Economic Outlook (WEO),
  • ✔ Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR), and
  • ✔ Fiscal Monitor (FM).
  • India is a founder member of the IMF.
  • International regulation by IMF in the field of money has certainly contributed towards expansion of international trade. India has, to that extent, benefitted from these fruitful results.

Q.) Govind Sagar Lake situated in which state ?

  1. Himachal Pradesh
  2. Punjab
  3. Uttarakhand
  4. Haryana

Q.) गोविंद सागर झील किस राज्य में स्थित है?

  1. हिमाचल प्रदेश
  2. पंजाब
  3. उत्तराखंड
  4. हरयाणा

Answer – A

  • The Gobind Sagar on river Sutlej, has been created by the huge hydel dam at Bhakra and is named in honour of Gobind Singh the Tenth Sikh guru. 

Q.) Consider the following statements regarding Fundamental duties:

  1. The idea of Fundamental Duties is inspired from the Constitution of Russia.
  2. These were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Constitution by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act.
  3. All the eleven duties are listed in Article 51-A of the Constitution (the sole Article in Part-IV-A).

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) मौलिक कर्तव्यों के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. मौलिक कर्तव्यों का विचार रूस के संविधान से प्रेरित है।
  2. इन्हें 42वें संविधान संशोधन अधिनियम द्वारा संविधान के भाग IV-A में शामिल किया गया था।
  3. सभी ग्यारह कर्तव्य संविधान के अनुच्छेद 51- (भाग– IV- में एकमात्र अनुच्छेद) में सूचीबद्ध हैं।

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3

Answer – D

  • The idea of Fundamental Duties is inspired from the Constitution of Russia.
  • These were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Constitution by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976 on the recommendations of Swaran Singh Committee.
  • Originally 10 in number, one more duty was added through the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002. All the eleven duties are listed in Article 51-A of the Constitution (the sole Article in Part-IV-A).
  • The fundamental duties serve as a reminder to citizens that while enjoying their rights, they have also to be quite conscious of duties they owe to their country, their society and to their fellow-citizens.
  • However, like the Directive Principles, the duties are also non-justiciable in nature.

Q.) Consider the following statements about Electoral Bonds:

  1. 1.Electoral Bonds can be purchased by only citizen of India.
  2. 2.If the Electoral Bond is deposited after expiry of the validity period, no payment is made to any Political Party.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) चुनावी बांड के बारे में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. चुनावी बांड केवल भारत के नागरिक द्वारा खरीदे जा सकते हैं।
  2. यदि वैधता अवधि समाप्त होने के बाद चुनावी बांड जमा किया जाता है, तो किसी भी राजनीतिक दल को कोई भुगतान नहीं किया जाता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

Explanation:

  • As per provisions of the scheme, electoral bonds may be purchased by a person, who is a citizen of India or entities incorporated or established in India.
  • The electoral bonds will be valid for 15 calendar days from the date of issue and no payment will be made to any payee political party if the bond is deposited after expiry of the validity period.
  • The bonds are issued in multiples of Rs. 1,000, Rs. 10,000, Rs. 1 lakh, Rs. 10 lakh and Rs. 1 crore without any maximum limit.
  • State Bank of India is authorised to issue and encash these bonds, which are valid for fifteen days from the date of issuance.
  • These bonds are redeemable in the designated account of a registered political party.
  • A person being an individual can buy bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals.
  • Donor’s name is not mentioned on the bond.

Q.) With reference to Mian Tansen, which one of the following statements is not correct?

(a) Tansen was the title given to him by Emperor Akbar.

(b) Tansen composed Dhrupads on Hindu gods and goddesses.

(c) Tansen composed songs on his patrons.

(d) Tansen invented many Ragas.

Q.) मियां तानसेन के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा कथन सही नहीं है?

(a) तानसेन सम्राट अकबर द्वारा उन्हें दी गई उपाधि थी।

(b) तानसेन ने हिंदू देवीदेवताओं पर ध्रुपदों की रचना की।

(c) तानसेन ने अपने संरक्षकों के लिए गीतों की रचना की।

(d) तानसेन ने कई रागों का आविष्कार किया।

Answer: A

  • Tansen was the title given to him by Raja Vikramjit of Gwalior.
  • Tansen was a court musician in the darbar of Raja Ramachandra of Bandavagarh (Rewa).

Q.) The Global Competitiveness Report is published by the

(a) International Monetary Fund

(b) United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

(c) World Economic Forum

(d) World Bank

Q.) वैश्विक प्रतिस्पर्धात्मकता रिपोर्ट किसके द्वारा प्रकाशित की जाती है?

(a) अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष

(b) व्यापार और विकास पर संयुक्त राष्ट्र सम्मेलन

(c) विश्व आर्थिक मंच

(d) विश्व बैंक

Answer – C

  • The Global Competitiveness Report is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum.

 

Quiz For UPSC Prelims Exam| Free PDF