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Daily Quiz for UPSC Prelims Exam 2023 | 4th August, 2022 – UPSC 2023 – Free PDF

Q.) Consider the following statement:

  1. Under Global Engagement Scheme, Festivals of India are organized in other countries showcasing folk art and other cultural events as exhibitions, dance etc.
  2. Global Engagement Scheme is being implemented by the ministry of Culture.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें:

  1. ग्लोबल एंगेजमेंट स्कीम के तहत, अन्य देशों में भारत के त्योहारों का आयोजन लोक कला और अन्य सांस्कृतिक कार्यक्रमों को प्रदर्शनियों, नृत्य आदि के रूप में प्रदर्शित किया जाता है।
  2. ग्लोबल एंगेजमेंट स्कीम संस्कृति मंत्रालय द्वारा कार्यान्वित की जा रही है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

  • About:Under Global Engagement Scheme, Festivals of India are organized in other countries showcasing folk art and other cultural events as exhibitions, dance, music, theatre, food fest, literary fest, film fest, yoga etc.
  • Parent Ministry:Global Engagement Scheme is being implemented by the ministry of Culture.
  • Grants Under the Scheme:Under the scheme, Ministry of Culture also gives Grant-in-aid to Indo- Foreign Friendship Cultural Societies for organizing programmes and activities including folk art and other cultural activities for their promotion abroad.

Q.) Aridity Anomaly Outlook Index released by ?

  1. IMD
  2. WMO
  3. NITI Aayog
  4. WEF

Q.) शुष्कता विसंगति आउटलुक सूचकांक किसके द्वारा जारी किया गया?

  1. आईएमडी
  2. डब्ल्यूएमओ
  3. नीति आयोग
  4. विश्व आर्थिक मंच

Answer – A

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has released the Aridity Anomaly Outlook (AAO) Index of July 2022, which says at least 85% of districts face arid conditions across India.
  • The index monitors agricultural drought, a situation when rainfall and soil moisture are inadequate to support healthy crop growth till maturity, causing crop stress.
  • An anomaly from the normal value signifies a water shortage in these districts that could directly impact agricultural activity.
  • It is Developed by the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

Q.) Which of the following ecosystem services are provided by Wetlands?

  1. Water purification
  2. Aquifer recharge
  3. Microclimate regulation

Which of the above statements are  correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.) वेटलैंड्स द्वारा निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी पारिस्थितिकी तंत्र सेवाएं प्रदान की जाती हैं?

  1. जल शोधन
  2. एक्वीफर रिचार्ज
  3. माइक्रॉक्लाइमेट विनियमन

उपरोक्त में से कौन से कथन सही हैं?

  1. केवल 1 और 2
  2. केवल 2 और 3
  3. केवल 1 और 3
  4. 1, 2 और 3

Answer –D

The wetlands, vital parts of the hydrological cycle, are highly productive ecosystems which support rich biodiversity and provide a wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, water purification, flood mitigation, erosion control, aquifer recharge, microclimate regulation, aesthetic enhancement of landscapes while simultaneously supporting many significant recreational, social and cultural activities, being part of our rich cultural heritage.

Q.) Consider the following statement:

  1. India does have formal diplomatic ties with Taiwan.
  2. Taiwan Strait is a narrow body of water that separates the Taiwan from the mainland China.

Which of the above statements is/are Incorrect?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) निम्नलिखित कथन पर विचार करें:

  1. ताइवान के साथ भारत के औपचारिक राजनयिक संबंध हैं।
  2. ताइवान जलडमरूमध्य पानी का एक संकरा हिस्सा है जो ताइवान को मुख्य भूमि चीन से अलग करता है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन गलत है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

While following the One-China policy, India has an office in Taipei for diplomatic functions — India-Taipei Association (ITA) is headed by a senior diplomat. Taiwan has the Taipei Economic and Cultural Center (TECC) in New Delhi. Both were established in 1995.

Q.) Ninja Bomb, recently seen in news, belongs to

  1. USA
  2. Russia
  3. China
  4. Taiwan

Q.) हाल ही में खबरों में आया निंजा बम किसका है?

  1. अमेरीका
  2. रूस
  3. चीन
  4. ताइवान

Answer A

  • The Hellfire R9X, often known as the “ninja bomb,” has emerged as the US military weapon of choice for eliminating terrorist organisations’ top commanders without harming civilians.
  • The R9X first appeared in March 2017 after a drone attack in Syria killed al-Qaeda senior leader Abu al-Khayr al-Masri while he was driving in.

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding Loktak Lake:

  1. It is the only floating national park in world and is last natural refuge of endangered Sangai deer.
  2. Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Manipur.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) लोकतक झील के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  1. यह दुनिया का एकमात्र तैरता हुआ राष्ट्रीय उद्यान है और लुप्तप्राय संगाई हिरणों का अंतिम प्राकृतिक आश्रय स्थल है।
  2. लोकतक झील मणिपुर में ताजे पानी की सबसे बड़ी झील है।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

  • Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India and is famous for the phumdisfloating over it.
  • Phumdis are the heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil and organic matter at various stages of decomposition.
  • Keibul Lamjao National Parkis also one of Phumdis in the lake.
  • It is only floating national park in world and is last natural refuge of endangered Sangai deer.

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding Seekho aur Kamao (Learn and Earn) scheme:

  1. The Ministry of Minority Affairs is nodal ministry of this scheme.
  2. The scheme ensures 75% placement, out of which 50% should be in organized sector.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) सीखो और कमाओ (सीखें और कमाएं) योजना के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें:

  • 1.अल्पसंख्यक कार्य मंत्रालय इस योजना का नोडल मंत्रालय है।
  • 2.यह योजना 75% प्लेसमेंट सुनिश्चित करती है, जिसमें से 50% संगठित क्षेत्र में होना चाहिए।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

Seekho Aur Kamao scheme

  • It is a skill development Central sector scheme for minorities (youth of 14 – 35 years age group) and aimed at providing employment and employment opportunities, improving the employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc.
  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs is nodal ministry of this scheme.
  • In the last 7 years appx. 3.92 lakh persons have been benefitted under this employment-oriented scheme.
  • The scheme ensures 75% placement, out of which 50% should be in organized sector. 
  • Post placement support of Rs. 2000/- per month is provided to placed trainees for two months as placement assistance.

Q.) Consider the following statement regarding Speaker

  1. The Speaker is the constitutional and ceremonial head of the House.
  2. The institutions of Speaker and Deputy Speaker originated in India in 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1919 (Montague-Chelmsford Reforms).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.) स्पीकर के संबंध में निम्नलिखित कथनों पर विचार करें

  1. अध्यक्ष सदन का संवैधानिक और औपचारिक प्रमुख होता है।
  2. भारत सरकार अधिनियम 1919 (मोंटेग्यूचेम्सफोर्ड सुधार) के प्रावधानों के तहत 1921 में अध्यक्ष और उपाध्यक्ष की संस्थाओं की शुरुआत भारत में हुई थी।

उपरोक्त में से कौन सा/से कथन सही है/हैं?

  1. केवल 1
  2. केवल 2
  3. दोनों 1 और 2
  4. तो 1 और ही 2

Answer – C

  • Article 93 of the Constitution provides for the election of both the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker.
  • The Speaker is the constitutional and ceremonial head of the House.
  • Each House of Parliament has its own presiding officer.
  • There is a Speaker and a Deputy Speaker for the Lok Sabha and a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman for the Rajya Sabha.
  • The institutions of Speaker and Deputy Speaker originated in India in 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act of 1919 (Montague-Chelmsford Reforms).
  • At that time, the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker were called the President and Deputy President respectively and the same nomenclature continued till 1947.
  • The Government of India Act of 1935 changed the nomenclatures of President and Deputy President to the Speaker and Deputy Speaker respectively.

Q.) Along with the Budget, the Finance Minister also places other documents before the Parliament which include ‘The Macro Economic Framework Statement’. The aforesaid document is presented because this is mandated by

(a) Long standing parliamentary convention

(b) Article 112 and Article 110(1) of the Constitution of India

(c) Article 113 of the Constitution of India

(d) Provisions of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003

Q.) बजट के साथसाथ वित्त मंत्री अन्य दस्तावेज भी संसद के समक्ष रखते हैं जिनमें मैक्रो इकोनॉमिक फ्रेमवर्क स्टेटमेंटशामिल है। उपरोक्त दस्तावेज प्रस्तुत किया गया है क्योंकि यह किसके द्वारा अनिवार्य है

(a) लंबे समय से चली रही संसदीय परंपरा

(b) भारत के संविधान के अनुच्छेद 112 और अनुच्छेद 110(1)

(c) भारत के संविधान के अनुच्छेद 113

(d) राजकोषीय उत्तरदायित्व और बजट प्रबंधन अधिनियम, 2003 के प्रावधान

Answer: (d)

  • Explanation: Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) became an Act in 2003.
  • The objective of the Act is to ensure inter-generational equity in fiscal management, long run macroeconomic stability, better coordination between fiscal and monetary policy, and transparency in fiscal operation of the Government.
  • FRBM Act provides a legal institutional framework for fiscal consolidation.
  • The Act also requires the government to lay before the parliament three policy statements in each financial year namely a. Medium Term Fiscal Policy Statement; b. Fiscal Policy Strategy Statement and c. Macroeconomic Framework Policy Statement.

Q.) In the context of India, which one of the following is the characteristic appropriate for bureaucracy?

  1. An agency for widening the scope of parliamentary democracy
  2. An agency for strengthening the structure of federalism
  3. An agency for facilitating political stability and economic growth
  4. An agency for the implementation of public policy

Q.) भारत के संदर्भ में, निम्नलिखित में से कौनसी विशेषता किसके लिए उपयुक्त है? नौकरशाही?

(a) संसदीय लोकतंत्र के दायरे को व्यापक बनाने के लिए एक एजेंसी

(b) संघवाद की संरचना को मजबूत करने के लिए एक एजेंसी

(c) राजनीतिक स्थिरता और आर्थिक विकास को सुविधाजनक बनाने के लिए एक एजेंसी

(d) सार्वजनिक नीति के कार्यान्वयन के लिए एक एजेंसी

Answer: (d)

Explanation: Bureaucracy or the permanent executive is body of appointed officials which primarily responsible for two functions

  1. Providing policy inputs to the elected representatives who form the popular executive
  2. Implementation of the public policy approved by the popular executive Therefore, option (d) is most appropriate answer as it represents one of the primary function of bureaucracy.

 

Quiz For UPSC Prelims Exam| Free PDF