upsc-mains

UPSC MAINS 2018 ANSWER WRITING SET 20 | UPSC IMPORTANT NOTES

THEME

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS(G2) 

THEME-1 -IR

•Q The pillars of ‘responsibility to protect’ doctrine if implemented can
help to spread peace across the world. Examine
•Responsibility to protect.
The Responsibility to Protect (R2P or RtoP) is a global political commitment which was
endorsed by all member states of the United Nations at the 2005 World Summit in order to
address its four key concerns to prevent genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.
•Pillar One: Every state has the Responsibility to Protect its populations from four mass atrocity
crimes: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
Pillar Two: The wider international community has the responsibility to encourage and assist
individual states in meeting that responsibility.

•Pillar Three: If a state is manifestly failing to protect its populations, the international
community must be prepared to take appropriate collective action, in a timely
and decisive manner and in accordance with the UN Charter
CRITICISM
•–LIBYA-NATO interference in 2011
•–Israel -Palestine conflict
•–Syria

THEME-2. IR

Q CLMV Countries can play an important role in the development of north east India.
Elaborate
•CLMV countries—Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam
•Connectivity between India and CLMV.

COUNTRIES

•-MEKONG GANGA COOPERATION
•India Myanmar Thailand trilateral highway
•Promotion of tourism
•Tackling insurgency
•Transferring benefits of development