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Deadly Earthquake In Afghanistan More Than 1000 Killed – Free PDF Download

 

About earthquake

  • An earthquake is the release of energy caused by a sudden slip on a fault.

Richter scale

  • The Richter scale is a mathematical measure of earthquake intensity.
  • Discovered in 1935 by Charles Richter.
  • The magnitude of earthquake per scale increases by 10 times.
  • E.g. Earthquake measuring 3 on the Richter scale would increase 10 times on 4 Richter scale.

What has happened?

  • Almost 1,000 people have died after a magnitude 1 earthquake hit Afghanistan’s Paktika province early on Wednesday.
  • The state-run news agency says at least 1000 are killed and more than 1,500 others have been injured, with significant damage to property seen across several districts.
  • The quake struck about 44km from the city of Khost in southeastern Afghanistan at a depth of 51km, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS).

  • Tremors were felt across more than 500km of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. Witnesses reported feeling the quake in Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul, as well as Pakistan’s capital, Islamabad.
  • However, there have been no immediate reports of casualties or significant damage in Pakistan
  • Mohammad Nassim Haqqani, head of the Taliban administration’s natural disaster ministry, said earlier that the majority of deaths were in the province of Paktika.
  • Rescue workers are arriving at the site by helicopter, reported the state-run Bakhtar news agency.

Deadliest since 2002

  • According to the death toll given by Afghan emergency official Sharafuddin Muslim,
  • Today’s earthquake is now the deadliest since 2002, when a 6.1 magnitude temblor killed about 1,000 people in northern Afghanistan immediately after the US-led invasion overthrew the Taliban government following the 9/11 attacks.

Earthquakes in Afghanistan

  • The mountainous regions of Afghanistan, where the Indian tectonic plate collides with the Eurasian plate to the north, have always been prone to earthquakes.
  • Afghanistan is prone to quakes, as it’s located in a tectonically active region, over a number of fault lines including-
  • The Chaman fault, the Hari Rud fault, the Central Badakhshan fault and the Darvaz fault.

  • According to experts, in most places in the world, an earthquake of this magnitude wouldn’t inflict such extensive devastation.
  • But a quake’s death toll more often comes down to geography, building quality and population density, said Robert Sanders, a seismologist with the US Geological Survey.
  • “Because of the mountainous area, there are rockslides and landslides that we won’t know about until later reporting. Older buildings are likely to crumble and fail,” he said.

Q) The type of plate- boundary interaction along the Himalayas is known as?

  1. Continent-continent convergence.
  2. Divergent boundary
  3. Transform boundary
  4. Ocean-continent convergence

 

 

 

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