death-of-nehru

Death of Nehru & Drastic Changes in Indian Political | Indian History | PDF Download

ELECTIONS IN 1957 AND 1962

  • The Indian general election of 1957, held from 24 February to 9 June, was the second election to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India.
  • There were 494 seats elected using first past the post voting system.Under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Indian National Congress easily won a second term in power, taking 371 of the 494 seats.
  • The Indian general election of 1962 elected the 3rd Lok Sabha of India and was held from 19 to 25 February. The Indian National Congress took 44.7% of the vote and won 361 of the 494 seats.

 

NEHRU YEARS

  • After independence in 1947, India was among the poorest countries in the world. As India lost its Bapu in 1948 with the assassination of Gandhi, Nehru became responsible for continuing the Mahatma’s legacy and creating the India they together had dreamed of.
  • From 1947 to 1964, Nehru was the leading figure of India, and his vision of India would shape the country’s initial development and lay the foundations upon which it still builds today.
  • Planning was another key ingredient of the Nehruvian Socialist economy, and the successive 5-year plans would see India’s GDP growth increase from a paltry 0.72 percent in 1947, to over 4 percent annually.

INDIA LOST A LEADER

  • His death was announced to Lok Sabha at 14:00 local time on 27 May 1964 ; cause of death is believed to be heart attack.
  • Draped in the Indian national Tri-colour flag the body of Jawaharlal Nehru was placed for public viewing. “Raghupati Raghava Rajaram” was chanted as the body was placed on the platform.

TUSSLE BEGAN

  • The best bet for a new Prime Minister among the analysts of Congress party politics was Lal Bahadur Shastri, middle‐of‐the‐road Minister Without Portfo‐ilio, who had assumed many of Mr. Nehru’s duties even before his death.
  • Then Congress Party president K. Kamaraj was instrumental in making Shastri Prime Minister on 9 June 1966 Shastri, though mild-mannered and softspoken, was a Nehruvian socialist and thus held appeal to those wishing to prevent the ascent of conservative right-winger Morarji Desai.

 

CRUCIAL POINT

  • Shastri’s premiership was cut short when he died of a heart attack on January 11, 1966, the day after having signed the Soviet-brokered Tashkent Declaration. The agreement required both sides to withdraw all armed personnel by February 26, 1966.
  • Indira Gandhi held a cabinet portfolio as minister of information and broadcasting in Shastri’s government. She was the only child of Nehru, who was also her mentor in the nationalist movement.
  • The Syndicate selected her as prime minister when Shastri died in 1966 even though her eligibility was challenged by Morarji Desai, a veteran nationalist and long-time aspirant to that office.

1967 ELECTIONS(TURNING POINT)

  • In the fourth general election in February 1967, the Congress majority was greatly reduced when it secured only 54 percent of the parliamentary seats, and nonCongress ministries were established in Bihar, Kerala, Orissa, Madras, Punjab, and West Bengal the next month.
  • A Congress-led coalition government collapsed in Uttar Pradesh, while in April Rajasthan was brought under President’s Rule–direct central government rule.
  • The Congress expelled her for “indiscipline” on November 12, 1969, an action that split the party into two factions: the Congress (O)–for Organisation–under Desai, and the Congress (R)–for Requisition.

 

 

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