Etna Mountain | Burning Issues | Free PDF Download


    • Mount Etna, 3,300 metres high, is the biggest active volcano in Europe, with frequent eruptions recorded in the past 2,700 years.
    • Its most recent eruptions occurred in the spring of 2017 and its last major eruption in the 2008/2009 winter. Mount Etna erupts on average once a year
    • The volcano is not dormant. Before 2001, Mount Etna erupted on average once every two years, but it has since increased. However, the eruptions happening in the present day are relatively harmless.
    • The name Etna means “I burn.” In Sicily, it is known as Mungibeddu
    • Mount Etna can be referred to as a number of different names. In mainland Italy, it is not unusual to hear of the volcano being called Mongibello or Montebello, which translates to “beautiful mountain”. The soil surrounding the volcano is extremely fertile
    • Thanks to years of eruptions, fertile soil has been left surround Mount Etna.
    • This is the perfect ground for growing everything from citrus fruit and grapes to vegetables. The biggest eruption killed 20,000 people On March 8th, 1669, Mount Etna began to rumble, producing gas from the top of the towering landmark
    • At least 300 tremors rattled the slopes of the volcanic mountain during a three-hour span early Monday, including a magnitude 4.3 seismic
    • Due to bad visibility because of the ash authorities restricted local airspace.
    • Visibility was still too poor to determine whether the eruption was accompanied by lava. Mount Etna‟s eruption led to the closure of Catania airport on Sicily‟s eastern coast because of the heavy ash that was sent into the sky.
  • Flank eruptionThe release of lava and pyroclastic material from a source on the slopes of a volcano, away from its primary central vent or fissure-vent area

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