growing shadow of china

Growing Shadow of China | free PDF for UPSC, SSC & BANK

Recent Events

  • Carl Vincent, an USA aircraft carrier made a port call at Da Nang,
    Vietnam.
  • Big news
  • First time after 1975, US
    military personnel landed
    on Vietnamese soil.
    Recent Events
  •  USA does not have any
    coherent strategy for South
    China Sea (SCS)
  •  China created and
    militarised 7 artificial islands
    in the SCS.
  •  still does not seem to
    have this region under his
    radar.
  • 5 years ago China began
    pushing its borders far out
    into SCS.
  •  These developments carry far-reaching strategic
    implications for the Indo-Pacific region and for the
    international maritime order.
  • The biggest threat to maritime peace and security comes
    from unilateralism.
  •  China is violating international norms & rules.
  • Indo-Pacific is interconnected.
  • It was always knownthat if China had its way in the SouthChina Sea, it would turn its attention to the Indian Ocean and
    the western Pacific.
  • An emboldenedChina has alsoclaimed to be a“near-Arctic state”and unveiled plansfor “PolarSilk Road”.
  • China is now using a super-dredger, dubbed as a
    “magical island-building machine”.
  •  Last year alone, China built permanent facilities on
    2,90,000 square metres of newly reclaimed land,
    according to the Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative.

growing shadow of china

 

  •  US distracted as ever, China’s land-reclamation frenzy in the
    South China Sea still persists.
  •  US Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) in the South
    China Sea cannot make up for the absence of an American
    strategy.
  •  Freedom of navigation (FON) is a principle of customary international
    law that ships flying the flag of any sovereign state shall not suffer
    interference from other states, apart from the exceptions provided for
    in international law.
  •  FONOPS neither deter China nor reassure America’s regional
    allies.
    •• US distracted as ever, China’s land-reclamation frenzy in the
    South China Sea still persists.
    • US Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPs) in the South
    China Sea cannot make up for the absence of an American
    strategy.
    • Freedom of navigation (FON) is a principle of customary international
    law that ships flying the flag of any sovereign state shall not suffer
    interference from other states, apart from the exceptions provided for
    in international law.
  •  FONOPS neither deter China nor reassure America’s regional
    allies.
  •  Countries bearing the brunt of China’s recidivism have been
    left with difficult choices.left with difficult choices.
  • Japan, of course, has reversed a decade of declining
    military outlays.
  • India has revived stalled naval modernisation.
  • Artificial islands: permanent aircraft carriers
  • Its potential role extends to the Indian Ocean and the
    western Pacific.

growing shadow of china

  • First overseas military base at Djibouti
  • Deployment of warships around Gwadar port.
  •  Acquisition of Hambantota port under a 99-year lease.
  •  70% stake in Myanmar’s deep-water Kyaukpyu port.
  •  Maldives: acquisition of several islets
  • During French President Emmanuel Macron’s recent New Delhivisit, France and India agreed to reciprocal access to eachother’s naval facilities.
  • This is similar to the US-India Logistics ExchangeMemorandum of Agreement (LEMOA). Quad members needs to start coordinating their approaches.
  • Like-minded states must work closely together to positivelyshape developments in the Indo-Pacific, including by ensuring that continued unilateralism is not cost-free.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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