16TH april the hindu

The Hindu Editorial Newspaper Analysis Free PDF – 16th April’18

Mandate and allocations

  • Southern States to discuss contentious
  •  2011 Census, and not the 1971 Census
  •  Central government while providing consent to States when they borrow under Article
    293(3);
  •  Asking the Commission to propose measurable performance-based incentives to States
    in respect of a number of areas such as
  •  The implementation of flagship schemes,
  •  Progress towards replacement rate of population growth,
  •  A control or lack of it in incurring expenditure on populist measures; and
  •  Finally, promoting ease of doing business
  •  Basic ToRs of the Commission are laid down in Article 280 of the Constitution, guidelines
    and directives are given by the Union government under clause:
  •  “any other matter referred to Commission by the President in the interests of sound finance”.
  •  However, the ToR of the 15th FC raise questions about constitutional propriety and has
    implications for the federal fabric of the nation itself.
  • Never before in the history of the country has a Finance Commission been asked to review
    the recommendations of the previous Commission on the grounds that it gave “substantially
    enhanced devolution”
  •  The ToR seek to reduce the role of Article 275, which is a legitimate channel for grants,
    and asks the Commission to leave it more fiscal space to expand grants under Article 282
    , which is questionable.
  •  Asking Commission to take into account performances in implementation of various Central
    schemes is equally contentious(वििादास्पद).
  • The Seventh Schedule of the Constitution assigns the respective functions in terms of Union,
    State and Concurrent subjects
  •  The resources belong to the nation and they should be applied at points where they are
    needed most
  •  ToR of the present Commission raise even more serious issues of constitutional propriety and,
    hopefully, States will safeguard their turf to preserve the federal fabric of the country

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Reimagining governance

  • 115 Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) conceived by Prime Minister Narendra
    Modi is radical not because this is the first time that a government in India has focussed
    on India‟s most backward districts but because the exercise envisages a serious
    reimagination of government and governance, and deepens cooperative federalism.
  •  The 115 districts were chosen by senior officials of the Union government in consultation with
    State officials on the basis of a composite index of the following:
  •  Socio-Economic Caste Census,
  • key health and education performance indicators and
  •  the state of basic infrastructure.
  •  A minimum of one district was chosen from every State.
  • Unsurprisingly, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, or which are afflicted by left-wing extremism
    such as Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.
  •  Areas that have been targeted for transformation are: education, health and nutrition,
    agriculture and water resources, financial inclusion, basic infrastructure and skills
  • Deliberately, the districts have been described as aspirational rather than backward so thatthey are viewed as islands of opportunity and hope rather than areas of distress and hopelessness.
  •  Attitudes and narrative matter for outcomes.
  • No financial package or large allocation of funds to this programme.Leverage the resources of the several government programmes that already exist but are not a

lways used efficiently.

  •  Achieving success in this programme requires three tiers of government, the Centre, States
    and district administrations
  • It is necessary for Centre and States to be involved because not all decisions can be taken at
    the level of district.
  • For example, if there is a shortage of teachers in a local school or a shortage of health
    personnel in a primary health centre, it needs the State capital to act
  •  Full cooperation of banks is necessary and only the Central government
    has leverage over them.
  • Most crucial is the District Magistrate or Collector who is familiar with the challenges of
    his or her geography and has considerable power to implement government schemes
    The spirit of cooperation needs to be supplemented by a culture of competition
  •  Smart data- Too often in India, data collection is delayed or lacking in quality
    which ends up leading to policymakers shooting in the dark
  •  A decisive shift in the paradigm of governance is likely to finally fulfil the many
    broken promises of the past

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Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  •  Page-1- Kathua outrage has united nation: Mufti
  •  J&K Chief Minister accepts resignations of 2 BJP Ministers
  • Pak. denies pilgrims consular access
  •  Ministry says it is „diplomatic discourtesy‟ and a clear violation of the Vienna Convention
  • Gaganshakti, in which over 1,100 aircraft are taking part.
  • The exercise began on April 8 and will conclude on April 22.

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