At home and in exile
We need to adequately plan for internal migration due to climate change
Height of the Syrian and Rohingya crises, much of world‟s attention turned to forced displacement and refugees.
Both exemplified the typical conditions under which people are forcibly displaced: war, political persecution, economic instability and repression.
Most of world‟s migration is internal, i.e. within the same country.
People usually change their homes to improve household income, for marriage or other purposes relating to family.
Climate change, however, its worsening slow onset effects such as droughts
Effects from sea level rise and water shortages will cause
Gradual rise in sea levels wherein people are compelled
to leave their island nations in the Pacific and Indian Oceans
and become climate exiles is one such ongoing process that will
likely increase out-migration over time
Internal Climate Migration
Latin America, South Asia and Sub Saharan Africa over 143 million
people would be forced to move within borders by 2050
What can be done?
Reducing GHG emissions is of utmost urgency
Integrating internal migration with ongoing development planning is vital
It’s time to replace the UGC Act
Prime Minister‟s vision to create 20 institutions of eminence and the
Ministry of Human Resource Development‟s reforms push have set the
stage for an overhaul of higher education in India that is long overdue.
The HRD Ministry first saw the passage of the Indian Institutes of Management Bill, 2017, whi
ch will extend greater autonomy to the IIMs.
It followed this up with reforms in the
rules and regulations of the University Grants Commission (UGC), giving
autonomy to India‟s best-ranked universities and colleges.
Subsequently, the Union Cabinet approved the continuation of the Rashtriya Uchchatar
Shiksha Abhiyan, which has been working quietly to improve the quality of higher
educational institutions in the States through outcome-based grants
Time is now ripe for another change: to replace UGC Act, 1956, with a new law that should
respond to the current needs of higher education.
UGC recently issued new rules and regulations under which it divided universities
into three categories: I, II and III.
Category I and II universities were awarded autonomy, with Category I universities receiving
greater autonomy than Category II.
Under the Act, we propose merging Category I and Category II universities under the
recent rules into a single category
Category I universities will be free to write their own curriculums.
In addition, they will oversee the curriculums of the colleges affiliated to them
Entry of foreign institutions
The Act should lay down a clear path for the entry of foreign institutions.
Integrate teaching and research.
Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis
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