The Hindu Editorial Analysis | PDF Download – 30th Jan 2018

Three milestones in education

 There is enough data about the learning crisis in India.
 What is needed is effective decentralised action
 Every year in January, when theAnnual Status of Education Report (ASER) is released, there is a hue and cry about the status of children’s learning in India.
 Debates and discussions die down after some time.
• But this year’s situation is different.
• India is in a position right now to think and act differently.
 Benefits of RTE
 This year is historic because the children who are today in ClassVIII are •first cohort to benefit from the Right to Education Act, which came into effect in April 2010.
 Completing at least eight years in the education system

 Two new sources of data available on children’s learning.
 Last week,ASER 2017 and the district report cards from the National Achievement
Survey (NAS) were released.
 ASER data is different from the usual survey: it concentrates on the 14-18 age group
 ASER 2017 “beyond basics”
 How youth cope with everyday tasks that involve literacy and numeracy
 Both use different methodologies –ASER is a household survey and NAS is a school-based effort.
 ASER conducts its assessment one-on-one, while NAS is a pen-paper test
 ASER is aimed at a representative sample of all children (whether in school and attending or out of school) whereas NAS is a representative sample of children who are enrolled in government or aided schools
 Typically, ASER focusses mainly on foundational skills like reading and arithmetic, while NAS looks at a wider variety of skills.

 Third, district – level data are now available.
 This is significant as within the government’s education system, planning focusses
on the district as the unit for planning, allocation and implementation.
 Information on inputs or infrastructure are available annually at the district level
 However, until this year, other than the annual ASER data, estimates on children’s learning were not available at the district level.
 Now districts in the same State will have the opportunity of making contextually relevant and
appropriate plans to address the needs of their children.
 Budget,an amount could be set aside specifically for a learning improvement fund
 The time is ripe for timely and effective decentralised action to improve the quality of children’s learning outcomes.

Prelims Focus Facts-News Analysis

  • Page-1,10-President, PM call for early passage of triple talaq Bill



Page-1-Diamonds make the cut with domestic investors
Trades double less than •five months after India opens world’s first diamond futures
 World’s •first diamond futures exchange began operations in India
It has emerged as a good investment option for common investors,

  • Page-10-Open to talk with India on CPEC: China
  •  Sushma to engage new Nepal govt.-In a bid to revive ties with Nepal, External A•airs Minister Sushma Swaraj will visit Kathmandu from February 1 to 2
     Ready for trade war, EU responds to Trump threat
     The U.S. President has said that the bloc has been unfair to his country
     Taxpayer count rises post GST
     Voluntary enrolment by small rms lifts number of indirect taxpayers by 50%

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