WhatsApp Image 2020-02-16 at 10.32.30

History Of Jews – World History – Free PDF Download

 

EARLY HISTORY

  • Around 1000 B.C., King David ruled the Jewish people. His son Solomon built the first holy Temple in Jerusalem, which became the central place of worship for Jews.
  • The kingdom fell apart around 931 B.C., and the Jewish people split into two groups: Israel in the North and Judah in the South.
  • Sometime around 587 B.C., the Babylonians destroyed the first Temple and sent many Jews into exile.

EARLY HISTORY

  • A second Temple was built in about 516 B.C. but was eventually destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
  • The destruction of the second Temple was significant because Jewish people no longer had a primary place to gather, so they shifted their focus to worshipping in local synagogues.

BATTLE OF KARAMEH

HISTORY

  • Hellenistic period (c. 332 – 110 BCE)
  • Roman rule in the land of Israel (63 BCE – 324 CE)
  • Byzantine period (324–638 CE)
  • Islamic period (638–1099)
  • Jewish Golden Age in early Muslim Spain (711–1031)
  • Crusaders period (1099–1260)

HISTORY

  • Mamluk period (1260–1517)
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Poland-Lithuania(With the Partition of Poland in the late 18th century, the Jewish population was split between the Russian Empire, Austro-Hungary, and Prussia, which divided Poland for themselves)
  • 19th century and 20th century
  • Israel – Palestine Conflict

 HISTORY

PERSECUTION

  • 1066 Granada Massacre: On December 30, 1066, a Muslim mob stormed the royal palace in Granada and killed more than 1,000 Jewish families. The group also kidnapped and crucified Joseph ibn Naghrela, the Jewish vizier to the Berber king.
  • The First Crusade: In the first of the Crusades—a series of medieval holy wars involving Christians and Muslims—thousands of Jews were killed, and many were forced to convert to Christianity.

PERSECUTION

  • The Spanish Expulsion: In 1492, Spain’s rulers issued a royal edict that declared all Jews who refused to convert to Christianity would be expelled from the country. Experts estimate about 200,000 people were ousted and tens of thousands died while trying to reach safety.

POGROMS

  • The Holocaust: In the Holocaust, the most infamous of modern-day atrocities, the Nazis murdered more than 6 million Jews.

PERSECUTION

  • The Spanish Expulsion: In 1492, Spain’s rulers issued a royal edict that declared all Jews who refused to convert to Christianity would be expelled from the country. Experts estimate about 200,000 people were ousted and tens of thousands died while trying to reach safety.

POGROMS

  • The Holocaust: In the Holocaust, the most infamous of modern-day atrocities, the Nazis murdered more than 6 million Jews.

 

 

 

World History  Free PDF