Hong Kong and Macau One China – Two Systems
Are Hong Kong and Macau separate/sovereign countries ?
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s republic of China Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s republic of China ‘’Relatively autonomous’’ BUT part of China
Q. What level of ‘autonomy’ do they have?
A. Quite a Lot!
- Own Government, multiparty legislatures ————— Sports teams, official§ languages,
2. Legal systems, police forces, ——————– Postal systems
3. Currency and customs——————- Educational systems
4. Immigration policies, ——————Substantial competence in external relations
Military control of PRC No embassies (only Consulate) The world and UN accept them as part of China
One China – Two Systems
MACAU – Portuguese colony and trading port since 16th century. HONG KONG – Ceded to Britain by China under the after treaty of NANKING (1842) after the 1st opium war .
The Transfer of territories
In 1984,a Sino–British joint declaration allowed HK toØ retain its capitalist economic system and own currency (the Hong Kong Dollar), legal system, legislative system, and people’s rights and freedom for fifty years. Similar agreement with Portugal in 1987 1997 – Hong Kong 2047 –????Ø 1999 – Macau 2049 — ???Ø
Umbrella revolution 2014
September-December 2014 Reason- Pre screening of candidates for Chief executive of Hong Kong election in 2017 by a central govt. Committee.
By Dr. Mahipal Singh Rathore
Facebook Id-> facebook.com/mahipalsinghrathore