Indian Cinema : A Brief History | By Dr. Mahipal Singh Rathore | Free PDF Download


  •  Lumière brothers moving pictures in London (1895)
  •  July 1896 -show in Bombay.
  •  The first short films in India were directed by Hiralal Sen, starting with The Flower of Persia (1898).
  • First full-length motion picture in India by Dadasaheb Phalke using elements from Sanskrit epics
  • Alam Ara -first Indian talking film, on 14 March 1931.
  • Bhakta Prahlada (Telugu) -1931
  • Kalidas (Tamil) – 1931
  •  south India’s first talkie films to have a theatrical release.
  • First colour film by Ardeshir Irani called Kisan Kanya was released in 1937.
  • 1940s to the 1960s – ‘Golden Age’ of Indian cinema. Some of the most critically acclaimed Indian films of all time were produced during this period.
  •  Pyaasa (1957) and Kaagaz Ke Phool(1959) the Raj Kapoor films Awaara(1951) and Shree 420 (1955).


  •  Pather Panchali (1955)
  •  Apu Trilogy (1955–1959) by Satyajit Ray
  •  India’s submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film:-
    • Mother India (1957)
    • Salam bombay (1988)
    • Lagaan(2002)




  • 1982 -Bhanu Athaiya -first Indian to win an Oscar for Best costume (GANDHI)
  •  In 1992 honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement awarded to Satyajit Ray
  •  A. R. Rahman (music composer), Resul Pookutty (sound editor) and Gulzar (lyricist) –Slumdog Millionaire


Diversified cinema

• Currently India is the world’s largest producer of films with established industries in
• Assamese Cinema
• Bengali Cinema
• Bhojpuri Cinema (Eastern UP)
• Gujrati Cinema
• Hindi Cinema(BOLLYWOOD)
• Kannada Cinema
• Malyalam Cinema
• Marathi
• Oriya
• Tamil
• Punjabi
• Telegu cinema

Famous awards

• Dadasaheb phalke award
• National film awards
• Filmfare
• Iifa

Future of Indian cinema

• About 3000 films released every year
• Foreign studios entered market
• Global reach of Indian films
• Competition with hollywood

World History | Free PDF


By Dr. Mahipal Singh Rathore

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