submarines

Indian Navy Prefers Nuclear Submarines Over Aircraft Carrier – Free PDF

 

The News

The demand from forces

  • According to some South Block officials, the Indian Navy has told the national security planners at the Combined Commanders Conference in March 2021 that the plan to build the nuclear-powered attack submarines or SSNs should take priority over the project to build a third indigenous aircraft carrier.
  • Indian Navy will seek ‘acceptance of necessity’ or AON approval from the government on the submarine project soon.

The Comparison

  • 2019 figures
    • India has more than 67,000 active personnel in the navy, including approximately 10,000 officers and 57,240 sailors.
    • China’s People’s Liberation Army Navy has more than 235,000 personnel in active service, including up to 20,000 marines.

The Comparison

  • China has two aircraft carriers, CNS Liaoning and CNS Shandong, as opposed to India’s only aircraft carrier, INS Vikramaditya.
  • INS Vikramditya is a refurbished Soviet Kiev-class ship it acquired from Russia in 2014.
  • India’s first indigenous carrier, INS Vikrant, is waiting to be inducted into the navy, possibly next year or the year after.

The Comparison

  • China’s submarine fleet consists of more than 70 submarines with 7 nuclear ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) & 12 nuclear attack submarines (SSN).
  • Indian Navy operates around 20 submarines with 2 SSBN (INS Arihant & INS Arighat) and 1 SSN (INS Chakra).
  • Note: Under project 75 alpha – 6 SSNs planned and another akula class SSN is being built Russian assistance.

Why SSN over Aircraft carrier?

  • The Competition
    • China has developed the capacity to produce 12,000-tonne Renhai class [cruisers, which is the NATO designation for Type 055] destroyers in just five years.
    • Recently, Chinese state television reports highlighted that a second Type 055 destroyer, Lhasa, had been “recently” inducted into PLA Navy. (First was inducted in 2020). Reports suggest that the PLA Navy plans to have a fleet of eight Type 055 destroyers.

Why SSN over Aircraft carrier?

  • The next threat
    • Indian national security planners believe that the next threat from China will come on Indo-Pacific, particularly in the Indian Ocean with the US Navy continuously deployed in the South China Sea.

Why SSN over Aircraft carrier?

  • CDS Bipin Rawat in May 2020
    • I prefer submarines over aircraft carriers. Anything on the surface can be picked up by satellites and knocked off by missiles. I think the Navy needs more submarines than aircraft carriers, which themselves require their own individual armadas for protection.

 

 

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