Jungle Bachao Andolan | Indian History | PDF Download

 

MOVEMENT

  • The Jungle Andolan of Singhbum district for land, forest and water was the struggle for right over and part of the socio-economic aspects of Jharkhand Movement.
  • The Jungle Bachao Andolan took shape in the early 1980s when the government proposed to replace the natural sal forest of Singhbhum District, Bihar, with commercial teak plantations.

The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006

  • Title rights – i.e. ownership – to land that is being farmed by tribals or forest dwellers as on 13 December 2005, subject to a maximum of 4 hectares.
  • Use rights – to minor forest produce (also including ownership), to grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc.
  • Relief and development rights – to rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement; and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection
  • Forest management rights – to protect forests and wildlife

 JJBA

  • JJBA has developed a four tier Community Forest Governance Strategy
  • The traditional village council (Gram Sabha)
  • Forest Protection Committee
  • Women’s cooperatives
  • A youth forum (Bal Akhra)

METHODS

  • The emergence and functioning of JJBA, followed 4 stages:
  • CONEPTUAL STAGE
  • CREATION OF COMMUNITIES
  • TRAINING AND CAPACITIES
  • COMMUNITY MOBILISATION

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