- Karnataka is just months away from securing the Geographical Indication (GI) tag for a rare variety of lemon largely grown in the northern plains of the state, especially in the Indi taluk of Vijayapura district.
- Often referred to as ‘Kagzi Lemon’, this is the second lemon variety in India to get the label after Manipur’s ‘Kachai Lemon’.
- After five years of efforts, the Karnataka State Lime Development Board (KSLDB), supported by scientists of the Horticulture University of Bagalkot, is awaiting the final clearance from the GI Registry of India in Chennai.
- Compared to other popular varieties, Kagzi Lemons of Indi have a thinner rind and have more juice, adding to the overall weight of the fruit.
- The ascorbic acid content is the highest in these varieties.
- Karnataka has been the fourth-largest contributor of lemons at the all-India level while Vijayapura produces 60% of the state’s lemons. Indi taluk alone contributes to 30%-40% of the lemon production in the district with over 15,000 farmers engaged in lemon cultivation.
- The cultivation of ‘Kagzi Lemons’, a distinctive variety of Central India, was started across Vijayapura as early as 1900.
- However, the ones cultivated in Indi are known for their unique texture and high acidic value.
Lemon Cultivation In India
- The fruit has a variety of uses and is cultivated throughout the country. However, the Commercial production of lemons takes place in Andra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujrat, Rajasthan, and Bihar. Other states also cultivate it for their domestic use.
- As citrus fruits are less demanding and can grow in almost any soil, the lemons are available in the markets throughout the year. However, more in the north than in south India.
- India is the largest producer of Lemons in the world. However, the size of the lemons is not as big as those of other countries. Nevertheless, it exports fresh lemons to countries like Japan, Thailand, Bangladesh, etc.
Lemon Varieties In India
Assam Nimbu/ Nemu Tenga
- The name refers to the two types of lemons that grow in Assam, namely, Gol Nemu and Kazi Nemu. Gol Nemu is round and sweet. Further, it is usually larger than other varieties.
- Kazi Nemu, on the other hand, is juicier with an elongated oval shape. This Nemu is popular in Assam due to its use in Assamese cuisine.
- This greenish-yellow, short-living variety is similar to Eureka(another lemon variety) in their elongated shape.
- The size of these lemons is average, with a prominent nipple at the apex. Apart from this, they are quite acidic in nature.
- This variety grows mainly in the regions of Malabar and Nilgiris. They are usually non-acidic in nature.
- You can eat this variety as a fruit rather than juicing it. These lemons or limes also go by the name of Mausambi in India.
- This variety has such a name because of the rough, rugged, and irregular shape of its skin. It also bears a strong scent and flavor.
- This variety is said to have its roots in the wilds of Northern India. They have very less amount of juice and pulp.
- Commercial cultivation of this variety happens in India. These lemons are oval or oblong in shape and yellow in color, along with a decent amount of juice in them.
- Therefore, this variety of lemons is appropriate for pickles and marmalades.
What is the pH of lemon juice?
- 1 to 5.0
- 2 to 2.4
- 5 to 4.2
- 5 to 2.5