kisan andolan

Kisan Andolan | Indian History | PDF Download

 

REASONS FOR FARMERS DISTRESS

  1. Two years of drought. Two successive years of drought (2014, 2015) have taken a toll on the farm sector. Drought in Maharashtra, Gujarat and Karnataka have also added to farmers’ woes.
  2. Collapsing farm prices.
  3. Insurance fails to serve
  4. Irrigation.
  5. APMC
  6. Modern Technology missing
  7. Low productivity

 SUICIDES

  • Seven states account for 87.5% of total suicides in the farming sector in the country. The states are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu .
  • Both marginal farmers and small farmers are committing suicide.Maharashtra is the worst affected stateIronically, Punjab, which benefited most from the Green Revolution, also presents a depressing picture of farmer’s suicides in India.
  • Between 1995-2015, 4687 farmers’ suicides have been reported from the state of Punjab of which 1334 from one Mansa district alone.

ANDOLAN

  • Kisan Rally or Kisan Long March was a large scale protest march by farmers in the Indian state of Maharashtra, organized by the All India Kisan Sabha, the peasants front of the Communist Party of India (Marxist).
  • Around 40,000 to 50,000 farmers marched a distance of 180km from Nashik to Mumbai to gherao the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha.
  • The peaceful march came to a conclusion on March 12, 2018, after all the demands put forth by the protesters were met by the Maharashtra government
  • Thousands of farmers Tuesday marched towards Delhi over demands ranging from farm loan waiver to cut in fuel prices, blocking traffic movement on arterial roads leading to the national capital.
  • Farmers who came in from places as far as Gonda, Basti and Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh as well as the sugarcane belt of western Uttar Pradesh.
  • The Kisan Kranti Yatra, which began from Tikait Ghat in Haridwar on September 23, was joined by farmers from various parts of Uttar Pradesh.

WAY FORWARD

  1. Increasing incomes
  2. Generating employment
  3. Reducing risk in agriculture
  4. Developing agri infrastructrure
  5. Improving Quality of rural life

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