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Kurukshetra Magazine July 2018 | A journal on Rural Development | Free PDF Download

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When Panchayati raj is established, public opinion will do what violence can never do

-Mahatma Gandhi

OVERVIEW

Panchayati Raj Institutions

▪ History

▪ Aim

▪ Provisions

▪ Problems Rashtriya Swarajya Abhiyan Financial Provisions Women in Panchayat PESA Panchayati Raj

Institutions ▪

Q.I: GIVE THE TIMELINE OF DEVELOPMENT OF PRI?

▪ Q.II: LOCATE THE PRI IN CONSTITUTION?

▪ Q.III: WHAT ARE THE PROVISION IN PRIS?

▪ ACHIEVEMENTS OF PRIS ▪

Q .IV PANCHAYATI RAJ, CRITICALLY ANALYZE?

Q.I: GIVE THE TIMELINE OF DEVELOPMENT OF PRI.

Panchayati means system of Rural Local Self Government HISTORY Balwant Rai Mehta Committee Ashok Mehta Committee GV Rao Committee L M Singhvi Committee 1957 1977 1985 1986 73rd Amendment Act 25 years at 1992 present

 QUESTIONS

Q.1: Which Constitutional Amendment Act gave Constitutional status to election of Urban Local Bodies?

Q.2: How many ministries at Central level deal with the subject, “urban local government”?

Q.3: Mention 8 types of ULBs?

Q.II: LOCATE THE PRI IN CONSTITUTION?

73rd Constitutional Amendment Act (CAA) PART-IX ARTICLE 243 – 243O 11th SCHEDULE DPSP: ARTICLE-40

Q.III: WHAT ARE THE PROVISION IN PRIS?

GRAM SABHA Gram Panchayat Block & Panchayat Samiti Zilla Parishad District Level Block Level Village Level COMPULSORY ELECTION ELECTION of MEMBERS & CHAIRMAN State Election Commission STATE FINANCE COMMISSION Reservation of seats SC/ST/Women YES, I MEAN ACHIEVEMENTS ONLY! 2.55 Lakh Panchaya t 31 Lakh Representativ e 46% WOMEN PESA & 5 thSchedul e

Q.IV. PANCHAYATI RAJ, CRITICALLY ANALYZE?

grass WITHOUT roots NO democratic decentralization POLITICAL Sarpanch Raj; Bureaucratic Hurdle SOCIAL Caste System Tribal’s Issue Orthodoxy Patriarchy Poverty Illiteracy Fund Function Functionary Lack of Training Improper Infrastructure

 OVERVIEW Panchayati Raj Institutions

▪ History

▪ Aim

▪ Provisions

▪ Problems Rashtriya Swarajya Abhiyan Financial Provisions Women in Panchayat PESA

 RASHTRIYA SWARAJYA ABHIYAN

▪ WHY GRAM SWARAJ ABHIYAN WAS BROUGHT?

▪ RGSA IS FOCUSING ON WHICH DEFICIENCIES? WHY GRAM SWARAJ ABHIYAN WAS BROUGHT? Fund Function Functionary Lack of Training Improper Infrastructure Tag Line: Sabka Sath, Sabka __________, Sabka Vikas To strengthen the Panchayati Raj institution, engage in participatory planning for sustainable development. Central Component 100% Centre State Component 60% 40% Centre State N-E States 90% 10% Centre State UTs 100% Centre COMPONENTS Centre’s Component State’s Component WHY GRAM SWARAJ ABHIYAN WAS BROUGHT?

Centre

▪ National Plan for Technical Assistance:

▪ Mission mode on e panchayat

▪ Incentivisation of Panchayat

  • DDU-Panchayat Sashaktikaran Puraskar
  • Krishna in AP
  • Sindhudurg in Maharashtra
  • Nanaji Deshmukh Rashtriya Gaurav Gram Sabha Puraskar AP: Eruvalapalem Maharshtra: Uttur
  • e-panchayat Puraskar

▪ Capaity building and Training under PRIs:

  • GP under Mission Antodaya and 115 Aspirational districts under NITI aayog under priority
  • focus on social sectors,
  • development of training modules;
  • collaboration with academic institution;

▪ E-enablement of panchayat

  • Panchayati Enterprise Suite (PES)
  • Gramoday-se-Bharat uday Abhiyan
  • Panchayat week/fortnight celebration RGSA IS FOCUSING ON WHICH DEFICIENCIES?

QUESTIONS Q.4: What is the minimum age of contesting election in Gram Panchayat?

Q.5: The urban local body constituency is divided in smaller geographical regions called as?

Q.6: Reservation of seats for other backward classes in panchayats is a compulsory provision or voluntary provision?

PRI- WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS IN PRI?

grass WITHOUT roots NO democratic decentralization POLITICAL Sarpanch Raj; Bureaucratic Hurdle SOCIAL Caste System Tribal’s Issue Orthodoxy Patriarchy Poverty Illiteracy Fund Function Functionary Lack of Training Improper Infrastructure

Panchayati Raj Institutions

▪ History

▪ Aim

▪ Provisions

▪ Problems Rashtriya Swarajya Abhiyan Financial Provisions Women in Panchayat PESA Financial Provisions

▪ HOW DOES PRI RECEIVES FUNDS?

▪ HOW IS 14TH FC DEVOLUTION DIFFERENT FROM PREVIOUS?

▪ FINANCIAL DEVOLUTION: POSITIVE OUTCOME & CHALLENGES OVERVIEW HOW DOES PRI RECEIVES FUNDS? PRI State Govt. Union Govt. State Finance Commission Or Schemes Schemes Finance Commissio n Financial Devolution Levy of tolls, taxes, etc

HOW IS 14TH FC DEVOLUTION DIFFERENT FROM PREVIOUS?

DIRECT TRANSFER Rs. 2 lakh crore 3 times of 13th FC Limit of 15 days fund parking with State govt. State to pay interest Financial Devolution Basic Grant: Basic service amenities Performance Grant After audit and performance Decentralized Planning: GP Plan Participatory; social justice; economic development State Scheme: Panch Parmeshwar by Madhya Pradesh Gram Jyoti by Telangana Technology: Panchayati Enterprise Suite for GPDP PlanPlus Citizen interface Action-Soft PRIA

FINANCIAL DEVOLUTION: POSITIVE OUTCOME & CHALLENGES

Rs 96 per captia in 11th FC Vs Rs 488 per capita in 14th FC GPDP mandatory Transparency Higher Fund Availability Accountability Variation & Under Utilization Of fund Developmental issue remain unattended QUESTIONS

Q.7: National Panchayat Day is celebrated on?

Q.8:Mention all the medical systems and Techniques comprising in AYUSH?

Read about: Mawlynnong village, Meghalaya. PRI- WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS IN PRI? grass WITHOUT roots NO democratic decentralization POLITICAL Sarpanch Raj; Bureaucratic Hurdle SOCIAL Caste System Tribal’s Issue Orthodoxy Patriarchy Poverty Illiteracy Fund Function Functionary Lack of Training Improper Infrastructure

OVERVIEW Panchayati Raj Institutions

▪ History

▪ Aim

▪ Provisions

▪ Problems Rashtriya Swarajya Abhiyan Financial Provisions Women in Panchayat PESA

 WOMEN IN PANCHAYAT

▪ WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS FOR WOMEN IN PRI?

▪ WHAT IS WOMEN EMPOWERMENT?

▪ WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES FOR WOMEN IN PRIS?

▪ HOW TO IMPROVE THE SITUATION?

WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS FOR WOMEN IN PRI?

Members: 1/3rd seats Chairperson:

1/3rd seats Article 243 D >1/3rd seat Bihar, Chattishgarh,

ACHIEVEMENTS:

Chhavi Rajawat, Soda Village, Rajasthan Bhakti Sharma, Barkhedi Abdulla, Madhya Pradesh Sushma Bhadu Dhani Miya Khan Haryana Arati Devi Dhunkapara,Orissa

WHAT IS WOMEN EMPOWERMENT?

What is Women Empowerment Economical, Social, Political Freedom of Choice & Voice Rape Issue Sexual Harassment Gender Inequality Index Labour Force Participation rate

 WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES FOR WOMEN IN PRIS?

Elected Women Representatives (EWR) Patriarchy Minimum Education Qualification 2 Child Norm Rotation of Term Inadequate Capacities Lack of cooperation between departments Caste System

 HOW TO IMPROVE THE SITUATION?

Initiatives of Government

▪ Panchayat Mahila Evam Yuva Shakti Abhiyan (PMEYSA)

▪ Rajiv Gandhi Panchayat Sashaktikaran Abhiyan

▪ Rashtriya Gram Swaraj Abhiyan

▪ Kudumbashree in Kerala: Active SHG movement Way Forward: 50% Reservation Minimum 2 years Marginalize d Women Function Training & Literacy Government – Bureaucracy – NGO – Citizens – Industry Maharashtra organizes Mahila Sabha (women gram sabha) Gender Sensitization & Adult Literacy QUESTIONS

Q.9:Name the first Indian female physician?

Q.10: Do you know them? 1. Arati Saha 2.Ismat Chugtai 3.Sarla Thakral 4.Kiran Mazumdar Shaw

Q.11. What is #MeToo campaign?

PRI- WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS IN PRI? grass WITHOUT roots NO democratic decentralization POLITICAL Sarpanch Raj; Bureaucratic Hurdle SOCIAL Caste System Tribal’s Issue Orthodoxy Patriarchy Poverty Illiteracy Fund Function Functionary Lack of Training Improper Infrastructure

OVERVIEW Panchayati Raj Institutions

▪ History

▪ Aim

▪ Provisions

▪ Problems Rashtriya Swarajya Abhiyan Financial Provisions Women in Panchayat PESA PESA

▪ PESA: MARGINALIZATION IN AGE OF GLOBALIZATION

▪ WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS WITH PESA?

▪ WAY FORWARD FOR PESA?

PESA: MARGINALIZATION IN AGE OF GLOBALIZATION PESA,

Provisions of Pancayats (Extension to Schedule Area):

▪ Part IX not applicable to 5th Schedule Area.

▪ Parliament extended it through PESA.

▪ 9 States have PESA Aim

➢ Protect Tribals

➢ Participatory Planning

➢ Self Rule to Tribals

➢ Traditional practices

➢ Preserve Culture Provisions

➢ Gram Sabha to approve plan

➢ Consultation for land acquisition

➢ License for minor minerals

➢ Manage forest produce

➢ Manage Local market

➢ Money lending to tribals WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS WITH PESA?

Tribals VS Non Tribal New Entrants & Gram Sabha Lack of Co-ordination WHAT ARE THE PROBLEMS WITH PESA?

>50% Less Exposure towards Special Status Less exposure towards Gram Sabha 1/2 Representative have knowledge about work 1/2 GS: question & suggestion considered by Panchayat Majority Participated in meetings NO Threat to Culture

POVERTY & ILLITERACY WAY FORWARD FOR PESA?

Understanding the Tribal Society Reducing the trust gap Improve women participation Improve coordination between all stakeholders Reduce

POVERTY & ILLITERACY Bottom’s up approach

OVERVIEW Panchayati Raj Institutions

▪ History

▪ Aim

▪ Provisions

▪ Problems Rashtriya Swarajya Abhiyan Financial Provisions Women in Panchayat

PESA PROBLEM OVERVIEW

grass WITHOUT roots NO democratic decentralization POLITICAL Sarpanch Raj; Bureaucratic Hurdle SOCIAL Caste System Tribal’s Issue Orthodoxy Patriarchy Poverty Illiteracy Fund Function Functionary Lack of Training Improper Infrastructure

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