SOUTH SUDAN CIVIL WAR
- The South Sudanese Civil War is an ongoing conflict in South Sudan between forces of the government and opposition forces.
- Fighting broke out between the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and SPLM-IO, igniting the civil war.
- Ugandan troops were deployed to fight alongside the South Sudanese government.The United Nations has peacekeepers in the country as part of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).
- In January 2014 the first ceasefire agreement was reached. Fighting continued and would be followed by several more ceasefire agreements
SOUTH SUDAN CIVIL WAR
- About 400,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the war.More than 4 million people have been displaced, with about 1.8 million of those internally displaced, and about 2.5 million having fled to neighboring countries, especially Uganda and Sudan.
- Fighting in the agricultural heart in the south of the country has soared the number of people facing starvation to 6 million with famine breaking out in some areas. The country’s economy has also been devastated.
- Operation Sankat Mochan was an operation of the Indian Air Force to evacuate Indian citizens and other foreign nationals from South Sudan during the South Sudanese Civil War. The operation was carried out in view of 2016 Juba clashes.
- There were around 600 Indians in South Sudan; around 450 in Juba and others elsewhere in the country.
- Two C-17 Globemasters of the Indian Air Force were deployed to evacuate. The first flight left Juba on 15 July (South Sudan Time) carrying 143 individuals including 10 women and 3 infants. It landed in Kerala on 16 July.
- Operation Sankat Mochan was the first big evacuation effort in a year after Operation Rahat evacuated hundreds of citizens of India and other countries in July 2015. Operation Rahat was also led by V.K. Singh who took the responsibility of steering Operation Sankat Mochan on the ground.
- The Indian Ambassador in South Sudan Srikumar Menon and his team had organised this operation on the ground.
- The Indian Embassy in South Sudan already has alerted stranded Indians in Juba about the evacuation plan.
- The flight route for evacuation is Juba-KampalaTrivandrum-Delhi. Passengers can also de-board at Trivandrum.
- On those who turned down the government’s plea to be evacuated, Singh said, “we tried to convince them. I suppose business comes first, life comes later (for them)..”
- “After fighting broke out in Juba and its outskirts, our aim was to evacuate our people who were in danger. As per our information, there were 550 plus people in Juba itself with another 150 indians in areas where the oil wells are there..,” he added.
- The evacuation exercise faced a hurdle when several Indians, after registering with the External Affairs Ministry for leaving South Sudan, refused to return, despite an appeal by External affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj on Twitter asking them to move out.
- South Sudan is witnessing heavy fighting between former rebels and government soldiers in several parts of the city.