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Is Organic Farming A Failure? Sri Lanka Case Study – Free PDF Download

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The News

The News

  • Sri Lanka is running low on foreign exchange – and the money it has is going towards debt settlement.
  • Its foreign reserves stood at $2.8bn at the end of July, down from $7.5bn in November 2019, when the new Rajapaksa government took office.
  • Sri Lanka also has outstanding payments due on its foreign debt in 2021 amounting around $4bn. (Mostly to China..!!)

The News

The News

Million Dollar Question

  • Does the Sri Lankan crisis offer sufficient justification to discard or reduce focus on organic farming in India?

The Green Revolution Conundrum

The Sudden shift to Organic Farming

  • Sri Lanka shifted to Organic farming in relatively short time. Suddenly they stopped use of Fertilizers. It did impact the food production and lead to food shortage crisis. However, this does not mean Organic Farming is to be blamed completely…!!!
  • Of Course Organic Farming yields are lower (15-25%) than Conventional Chemical farming but this needs to taken into consideration before the shift
  • Sri Lanka agricultural landscape: 41% land is cultivated (Majority – Rice, but more than 10% land is cultivated with plantation crops)
  • Before shift to Organic farming, were the farmers educated about the shift?
    • According to a survey in SL, only 20 per cent of farmers had the knowledge to transition to completely organic production.

Best Course of Action..

  • It is better to avoid  binary choice of conventional chemical farming or organic farming…!!!
  • The key to success in agricultural reform doesn’t lie in bold decisions to turn organic.
    • It depends on educating farmers, making citizens aware of what they stand to gain, creating appropriate infrastructure and maintaining a supply chain of farm inputs while shifting over time.
    • Ex: In 2008, Bhutan introduced a policy of going 100% organic by 2020 but its still struggling to shift completely.
  • The success mantra is choosing our own path of transition with adequate planning and implementation.

Best Course of Action..

 

 

 

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