contribution of bihar in 1857

Role of Bihar in 1857 revolt ? Know all about it – Indian History – Free PDF Download

Contribution of Bihar in the War of 1857


  • The revolution of 1857 affected the history of Bihar as well as Indian history.
  • This revolution was the result of the accumulated socio-economic and cultural political discontent in the country against the British imperialism.

  • Since at the central level this revolution started on 10th May, 1857, but in undivided Bihar this revolution was started by disgruntled soldiers at Deoghar on 12th June, 1857 and Ali brothers in Patna in July 1857.

  • The turning point in this revolution came when Veer Kunwar Singh joined the rebellion with the revolutionary soldiers.
  • He made the revolution very belligerent and powerful.

  • Simultaneously, together with Nana Saheb, took possession of Kanpur, Ghazipur etc.
  • Apart from this, Kunwar Singh defeated the army of Le Grand and Douglas in April 1858 itself.

  • Kunwar Singh raised the pride of Bihar to a high peak in the history of the revolution of 1857.
  • The works done by them are recorded in the form of golden letters in the glorious history of Bihar.

  • Despite this, the basic objectives of the revolution were not fulfilled. Many zamindars and princely states of the country, including Bihar, remained the assistants of the British. As a result, English slavery continued in the country.
  • Ultimately this revolution had many immediate and far-reaching consequences.
  • As the structure of power changed, the rule of the East India Company came to an end and India was brought under the direct control of the British Crown, the post of Governor General was given to the Viceroy, who was the representative of the British Crown.
  • As a result, this change was made to make the British imperialist hold in India more powerful. In which the basic sense of power remained exploitative.
  • In all parts of the country including Bihar, the British adopted the policy of appeasement towards the princes and landlords.


Alliance Movement Between Imperialism and Feudalism

  • To balance the above elements of imperialism were used. However, the princely states of Bihar remained pro-British.

  • Alliance Movement Between Imperialism and Feudalism  To balance the above elements of imperialism were used. However, the princely states of Bihar remained pro-British.
  • However, Western educated Indians remained aloof from this rebellion. They were praised by the British power, but as soon as this class started demanding analysis of the British imperialist character and participation in the government, then the British power turned against this class.
  • Although the revolution of 1857 proved to be a priceless legacy of integrated culture, it was highly effective in Bihar.
  • Based on the analysis of the above facts, it can be concluded that the revolution of 1857 became the inspiration of nationalism.
  • Revolutionaries like Kunwar Singh became the inspiration of nationalism in folk songs and poems throughout India including Bihar.
  • Bihar’s prominent Muslim revolutionary Pir Ali Khan who was a poor book binder who secretly distributed important letters, magazines and intelligence messages among freedom fighters, was punished by hanging in public places by the then Patna Commissioner William Taylor.
  • Dedi Pir Ali was a freedom fighter who was hanged for fighting the British.

  • Pir Ali was also one of the heroes of the Bihar chapter of the freedom struggle of 1857.
  • During the revolution of 1857, people roaming around in Bihar played a big role in creating and organizing the spirit for freedom and struggle.
  • Apart from this, Raja Mehd Ali Khan, who lived in Ati Pur of Nawada, fought against the British through a secret organization, due to which his name comes first in the list of rebels. Due to his behavior, the British arrested him on 23 June 1857 and later hanged him.



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