Top 10 Contributions To India | Indian History | Free PDF Download

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1 – RAISING INDIA’S GDP

  • He took India to the new heights by introducing economic reforms. Under his tenure from 1998 to 2004, India maintained a GDP rate of eight per cent, the inflation level came down to four per cent and foreign exchange reserves were flourishing
  • Although India faced catastrophic events during his tenure, including earthquake (2001), two cyclones (1999 and 2000), a horrible drought (2002-2003), oil crises (2003), the Kargil conflict (1999), and a Parliament attack, yet he maintained a stable economy

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2 – SCIENCE AND RESEARCH

  • Chandrayaan-1 – Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced the project on course in his Independence Day speech on 15 August 2003.
  • On India’s 56th Independence Day, he said, “Our country is now ready to fly high in the field of science. I am pleased to announce that India will send her own spacecraft to the moon by 2008. It is being named Chandrayaan.
  • He made India a nuclear weapon state. In 1998, India conducted five nuclear tests in one week

 3 – THE RISE OF THE INDIAN TELECOM INDUSTRY

  • His government introduced a revenue-sharing model under New Telecom Policy which helped telecom firms to get away with fixed license fees
  • Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd was separately created to head over the services and policies
  • To further enhance the telecom sector, he created Telecom Dispute Settlement Appellate Tribunal • International telephone service Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd was ended

4 – ROAD PROJECTS

  • Largest highway project in India and the fifth longest in the world, at 5,846 km. Started by the NDA government led by Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
  • It is a network of highways that connect the four major metropolitan cities of the country in four directions – Delhi (North), Chennai (South), Kolkata (East) and Mumbai (West) – thereby forming a quadrilateral, and hence the name Golden Quadrilateral.

 5 – INTRODUCTION TO FISCAL RESPONSIBILITY ACT

  • Besides raising India’s GDP to eight per cent in his tenure, he further introduced the Fiscal Responsibility Act which aimed to reduce the fiscal deficit and boost public-sector savings.
  • The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Bill (FRBM Bill) was introduced in India by the then Finance Minister of India, Mr.Yashwant Sinha in December 2000

6 – PRIVATISATION

  • Among the several milestones in his brief period of the ruling, privatisation was also appreciated
  • Giving rise to private business in India, it reduced the government’s involvement in the industry
  • Further, he formed a separate disinvestment ministry. The most important disinvestments were Bharat Aluminium Company (BALCO) and Hindustan Zinc, Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited and VSNL

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7 – EDUCATION POLICY

  • It was for the first time in India that elementary education became free for children aged 6-14 years
  • It was launched in 2001 and brought a drastic change in the number of dropouts by 60 per cent

8 – PRADHANMANTRI GRAMIN SADAK YOJNA

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  • Pradhanmantri Gramin SadakYojna connected distant villages across the country with a network of all-weather roads.

 9 – DIPLOMACY IN A DIFFICULT ERA

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 10 – LAHORE DECLARATION

  • The Lahore Declaration was a bilateral agreement and governance treaty between India and Pakistan.
  • The treaty was signed on 21 February 1999, at the conclusion of a historic summit in Lahore, and ratified by the parliaments of both countries the same year

BRINGING DIGNITY IN POLITICS

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