UNSUNG HEROS OF BIHAR
- Ghasita Khalifa, Ghulam Abbas, Nandu Lal alias Sipahi, Jumman, Maduwa, Kajil Khan, Ramzani, Peer Bakhsh, Peer Ali,
Wahid Ali, Ghulam Ali, Mahmood Akbar and Asrar Ali Khan.
- As many as 13 others were awarded rigorous imprisonment with stakes and chains at that trial.
- They were Habibullah, Faiyaz Ali, Mirza Agha Mughal, Rajab Ali, Asghar Ali Beg, Deen Mahmood, Shiv Dayal, Bhanju, Jagdhar Singh, Sadat Ali, Bandhu, Munnu and Bihari. Nathu Chokar was ordered to be flogged and Peer Bakhsh Dafali and Sheikh Fakir were given life term.
Malati Devi Choudhury
- Malati Devi Choudhury was an Indian civil rights and freedom activist.
- She was deeply influenced by both, Tagore and Mahatma Gandhi.
- It was the former from who she learnt and acquired the principles of education, development, art and culture, which had been the guiding principles in her life; and it was the latter at whose insistence that she plunged herself into the freedom struggle.
- She had organized the ‘Krusaka Andolana’ (Farmers Movement) as part of the freedom struggle against the zamindars and moneylenders, who exploited the poor.
- After Independence, Malati Choudhury, as a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, and as the President of the Utkal Pradesh Congress Committee, tried her best to emphasize the role of education, especially adult education in rural reconstruction.
- She also joined the Bhoodan Movement of Acharya Vinoba Bhave.
Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi
- Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi was born in Muzaffarpur district, Bihar.
- He was a political activist, who left studies in order to follow Gandhiji.
- He joined the Non-Cooperation Movement in the year 1921.
- He attended the All India Congress Committee (AICC) Session held at Ahmedabad (1921), and supported the ‘Poorna Swaraj’ motion demanded by Hasrat Mohani.
- The motion was opposed by Mahatma Gandhi and failed.
- Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi met Gandhiji at Sabarmati Ashram. He was a representative of the Central Khilafat Committee, who later took charge of the Calcutta Khilafat Committee.
- He was arrested while participating in a protest march led by Netaji Subash Chandra Bose. Later, he was released.
- In the year 1942, a search operation was undertaken at his house. This pushed him to work secretly.
- He also opposed the two-nation theory initiated by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
- He served as the first General Secretary of the All India Jamhur Muslim League, which was established to counter the All India Muslim League demanding a separate nation.
- Basawon Sinha, also known as Basawon Singh, was born in 23rd March,1909 at Jamalpur, near Vaishali.
- He was an activist in the Indian independence movement and a campaigner for the rights of the underprivileged, industrial labourers and agricultural workers.
- He spent around 18 years in prison in British India. He absconded after the Lahore conspiracy case. He was co-accused in the Bhusawal, Kakori, Tirhut and Deluaha conspiracy cases.
- During the Second World War he was the first man in Bihar to be arrested under Defence of India Ordinance on 26 January 1940 in Husainabad, Palamu and released after eighteen months.
- During the Quit India Movement, after the interception of Jayaprakash Narayan’s Deoli letter addressed to him, he went underground in 1941 and went to Afghanistan to collect firearms and ammunition.
- He attended the Bombay AICC session (9 August 1942) and conducted the movement from the underground. He was held in Delhi and later freed, after which he continued his nationalist and trade union work.
- The Government of India issued a commemorative stamp in his name on 23 March 2000.
- There is an indoor stadium named Basawon Singh Indoor Stadium in the city of Hajipur in Bihar.
Peer Ali Khan
- Peer Ali Khan was a composed freedom fighter who worked clandestinely. He is said to have been born in about 1812.
- According to the report of William Taylor, an official of the East India Company who held charge as the Commissioner of Patna Division from 1855 to 1857, “Peer Ali was a native of Lucknow, but had resided for many years at Patna; he was by trade, a Book-seller, and I strongly suspect that he may have originally established himself here, for the express purpose of carrying on the intrigues which issued in this abortive out-break”.
- Peer Ali was a bookseller, who played a leading role in the organization of the Great Revolt of 1857 in the Patna district in July 1857.
- He was captured by the British after the defeat of the rebel forces.
- Khan was given capital punishment for participating in the freedom struggle of 1857, along with other rebels.
- A road adjacent to the Patna Airport is named after him.
- Also, Shaheed Peer Ali Khan Park, a children’s park in front of the District Magistrate’s residence near the Gandhi Maidan in Patna, was named after him by the State Government of Bihar.
Tarkeshwari Prasad Sinha
- Her public life started to take shape during the 1942 Quit India Movement, when she played an active role as a student leader in Patna Women’s College, at the age of 16.
- The trials of Indian National Army soldiers at the Red Fort in 1945 attracted her a lot and she inclined towards politics.
- She was soon elected the president of the Bihar students Congress. Sinha was among those who received Mahatma Gandhi in Nalanda, who was in the region to quell the Hindu-Muslim riots during the Partition.
- Dhruv Kundu was an unsung hero of India’s Freedom Struggle.
- In 1942, he joined Mahatma Gandhi’s ‘Quit India Movement. On August 11, 1942, the revolutionaries set fire to the registrar office and burnt all the documents.
- A team of freedom fighters demolished the office of the Sub-Registrar of Katihar on August 13, 1942.
- They uprooted the flags of the British government including the Munsif court and hoisted the Indian tricolour.
- His courage rattled the British forces and they opened fire at Dhruv.
- One bullet crossed Dhruv’s thigh, injuring him badly.
- He was rushed to Purnia Sadar Hospital for treatment, but on the morning of August 15, 1942, he succumbed to his injuries.
Dhruv Kundu is one of the youngest freedom fighters, who sacrificed his life for his motherland.
Prabhavati Devi Narayan
- Prabhavati Devi was an Indian freedom fighter.
- She was married to Jai Prakash Narayan on 16th May 1920.
- He advised her to study and learn weaving with Charkha.
- The couple jointly decided not to have any children until the country was free from foreign yoke. She was arrested in Lucknow in 1932 during the call of a boycott of foreign goods.
- She was entrusted with the job of organizing girl volunteers by Gandhi Ji and Rajendra Prasad.
- Prabhavati established Mahila Charkha Samiti at Patna to involve deserted and abandoned women in the charkha or the spinning wheel movement on the Gandhian model.
- When Quit India Movement started, she was arrested and sent to Bhagalpur jail.
- The last few years were especially painful for her as she was found to be suffering from advanced cancer. She died On 15 April 1973.