upsc-mock-SET-36

UPSC Mains 2018 Answer Writing Set 36 | UPSC Important Notes | Free PDF Download

THEME
CYBER SECURITY(GS-3)

  • Q – What is cyber warfare? Explain its special features as compared to traditional war. 
  • -Snowden revelations have shown that cyberspace could become the theatre of warfare in the 21st century.
  • When any state initiates the use of internet based invisible force as an instrument of state policy to sabotage and espionage against another nation it is called cyber warfare
  • Attacking the information systems of other countries for espionage and for disrupting their critical infrastructure.
  • –includes hacking of vital information , important webpages, strategic controls and intelligence
  • –attacks on the websites of Estonia in 2007 and Georgia in 2008

    SPECIAL FEATURES

  • – -Independent theatre of war.
  • -An undefined space (no specific areas)
  • -Disguised attackers
  • No contact war
  • Q- What are critical infrastructure and Critical information Infrastructure? Explain the effects of cyber attacks on CII.
  • -CI- Those facilities systems or functions whose incapacity or destruction would cause a debilitation impact on national security, governance ,economy and social well being of a nation.
  • Sectors-energy, transportation, banking and finance, telecommunication, Defence, space
  • Critical information infrastructure (CII) is broadly defined as including ‘ those networks which are interrelated , interconnected and interdependent.
  • -CII are those ICT infrastructure upon which the core functionality of critical infrastructure is dependent.

    EFFECTS OF CYBER ATTACKS ON CII

  • –damage or destruction of CII
  • -Disruption or degradation of services Loss of sensitive and strategic information
  • -Widespread damage in short time
  • -Cascading effects on several CII

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