UPSC Mains 2018 Answer Writing Set 38 | UPSC Important Notes | Free PDF Download
THEME BORDER MANAGEMENT(GS-3)
Q- Development of border areas will help in strengthening of internal security of India. Discuss . Also suggest steps to develop border areas
Border areas—inaccessible and underdeveloped due to difficult terrain
-lack of facilities like proper roads , educational institutions and hospitals
Lack of economic opportunities—makes the border population more susceptible to take up smuggling and trafficking
North east India –shares 98 pe
-SP SHUKLA COMMITTEE- north east – development of infrastructure—road network
–special accelerated Road development programme for the north –east region (SARDPNE)
Development of grassroot level institutions like PRIs
Balanced development of border area • Schemes like border area development programme.
-DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY BASE INFRSTRUCTURE—like forestry, pasture land , fishery ponds, mobile dispensaries, mini marketing etc •Promote participation in development, eliminate sense of alienation
Q-Explain the steps taken by government of India to secure the coasts and Island Territories.
–Three layered mechanism—outermost layer, the Indian navy patrols the high seas and carries out aerial reconnaissance with ship based air- craft
Intermediate layer comprising the exclusive economic zone (between 12 and 200 nautical miles) is patrolled by the coastal police.
Coastal security scheme in 2005-06 –coastal stations-boats, jeeps, motorcycles for mobility
-Easing of environmental norms for setting up coastal police stations
-issuance of multi-purpose identity cards to all fishermen , sea ferrying personnel and coastal villages
Implementation of uniform licensing of fishing boats across the country
Deployment of commando units of central industrial security force in all ports
– For the security of the Island Territories, the Indian government –set up a joint command in the ANDAMAN AND NICIBAR ISLANDS CALLED THE Andaman and Nicobar command(ANC)—Comprising personnel of the army , the Navy, the air force and coast guard.