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The Verdict Of Ayodhya – Indian History – Free PDF

HOW IT STARTED?

  • In the 1980s, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), belonging to the mainstream Hindu nationalist family Sangh Parivar, launched a new movement to “reclaim” the site for Hindus and to erect a temple dedicated to the infant Rama (Ramlala) at this spot.
  • The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), formed in 1980 from the remnants of the Jana Sangh, became the political face of the campaign.
  • In 1986, a district judge ruled that the gates would be reopened and Hindus permitted to worship inside, providing a major boost to the movement.

HOW IT STARTED?

  • In September 1990, BJP leader L. K. Advani began a “rath yatra” (pilgrimage procession) to Ayodhya in order to generate support for the movement.
  • The yatra resulted in communal riots in many cities.In spite of this, a large number of ‘kar sevaks’ or Sangh Parivar activists reached Ayodhya and tried to attack the mosque.
  • They were stopped by the Uttar Pradesh police and the paramilitary forces, resulting in a pitched battle in which several kar sevaks were killed.

HOW IT STARTED?

  • On 6 December 1992, the VHP and its associates, including the BJP, organised a rally involving 150,000 VHP and BJP kar sevaks at the site of the mosque.
  • The mob grew restive through the duration of the speeches, and stormed the mosque shortly after noon. A police cordon placed there to protect the mosque was heavily outnumbered.Riots broke out in many major Indian cities including Mumbai, Bhopal, Delhi and Hyderabad.
  • On 16 December 1992, the Liberhan Commission was set up by the Government of India to probe the circumstances that led to the demolition of the Babri Mosque

 VERDICT

  • Archaeological excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1970, 1992 and 2003 in and around the disputed site have found evidence indicating that a large Hindu complex existed on the site.
  • The SC will deliver its verdict on 14 lawsuits that were filed against the 2010 Allahabad High Court judgment on the Ayodhya land dispute.
  • The high court had partitioned the 2.77 acre land in Ayodhya equally among the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.

VERDICT

  • The first lawsuit in the dispute was filed by Gopal Singh Visharad, a devotee of ”Ram Lalla”, in 1950 in a lower court to seek enforcement of the right to worship of Hindus at the disputed site.
  • In 1961, the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Wakf Board moved the Supreme Court, claiming title right over the disputed property in Ayodhya.
  • Later, all the lawsuits were transferred to the Allahabad High Court for adjudication following the demolition of the disputed Ram Janmbhoomi-Babri Masjid structure on December 6, 1992, sparking communal riots in the country.

 VERDICT

  • On August 6, after the Supreme Court-appointed mediation panel failed to provide any fruitful results, the court took it upon itself to hear the dispute. The court heard the matter on a daily basis and finished the marathon process after 40 days on October 16.
  • On November 9, the Supreme Court Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi will be pronouncing the muchanticipated verdict in the massively sensitive case of the Ayodhya land dispute.
  • The Centre has rushed additional 4,000 paramilitary forces to Uttar Pradesh ahead of the Ayodhya verdict. CJI Ranjan Gogoi held a meeting with Uttar Pradesh officials to take stock of the security arrangements.
  • Very tight security has also been deployed across the nation. Educational institutions will remain also closed in Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and J&K’s Kathua.
  • Section 144 has been imposed across Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and parts of Karnataka.

 VERDICT

  • The five-judge bench of Supreme Court of India is pronouncing its historic judgment in the decades-old Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute case today.

 

 

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